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Plastic products are wildly used in human life. Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) is an essential additive in plastic manufacturing and is used as plasticizer for many products including plastic food packaging. DEHP is a teratogenic compound and can cause potent reproductive toxicity. DEHP can also cause liver damage, peroxisome proliferation, and(More)
The aggregation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) is an early hallmark of the formation of neuromuscular junction (NMJ), and nitric oxide is recently known to play an important role. In many NMJ studies, nerve-muscle coculture model was used, and NG108-15 cells, a neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cell line, were the most frequently used nerve cells.(More)
The semiconductor element, germanium (Ge), is essential for the manufacture of modern integrated circuits. Because of its anti-tumor and immunomodulative effects, Ge-containing compounds are also used as health-promoting ingredients in food. However, some histological studies have shown the toxic effects of Ge-containing compounds on various organs,(More)
We have isolated and characterized several recombinant lambda phage clones carrying growth hormone (GH) cDNA of striped bass (Morone saxatilis). Nucleotide sequence and the predicted amino acid sequence of sbGH was determined from a recombinant clone carrying the longest cDNA insert. The sbGH cDNA encodes a pre-hormone of 204 amino acid residues. Comparison(More)
mediators of predictive cue effects on perceived pain. Mechanisms of placebo analgesia: rACC recruitment of a subcortical antinociceptive network. Pain (2006). 4 Bingel, U. et al. The effect of treatment expectation on drug efficacy: imaging the analgesic benefit of the opioid remifentanil. Hashmi, J. A. et al. Lidocaine patch (5%) is no more potent than(More)
Germanium (Ge) is commonly used in the semiconductor industry as well as health-promoting and medical field. Biologically, germanium possesses erythropoietic, anti-microbial, anti-tumor, anti-amyloidosis, and immunomodulative effects. However, toxic effects of Ge-containing compounds on kidney, muscle, neuronal cells, and nerves have been reported.(More)
Lead (Pb2+) toxicity is more common in children and is associated with cognitive deficits, which may reflect lead-induced changes in central synaptic development and function. Aside from neurotoxicity, lead exposure may also impact mature neuromuscular junction (NMJ) and cause muscle weakness. NMJ is known as a peripheral cholinergic synapse and its(More)