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An early step in the development of vertebrae, ribs, muscle, and dermis is the differentiation of the somitic mesoderm into dermomyotome dorsally and sclerotome ventrally. To analyze this process, we have developed an in vitro assay for somitic mesoderm differentiation. We show that sclerotomal markers can be induced by a diffusible factor secreted by(More)
The bHLH-PAS transcription factor SIM1 is expressed during the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis in three hypothalamic nuclei: the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), the anterior periventricular nucleus (aPV), and the supraoptic nucleus (SON). To investigate Sim1 function in the hypothalamus, we produced mice carrying a null allele of Sim1 by gene(More)
Embryonic patterning in vertebrates is dependent upon the balance of inductive signals and their specific antagonists. We show that Noggin, which encodes a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) antagonist expressed in the node, notochord, and dorsal somite, is required for normal mouse development. Although Noggin has been implicated in neural induction,(More)
The bHLH-PAS transcription factor SIM1 is required for the development of the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus. Mice homozygous for a null allele of Sim1 (Sim1(-/-)) lack a PVN and die perinatally. In contrast, we show here that Sim1 heterozygous mice are viable but develop early-onset obesity, with increased linear growth, hyperinsulinemia(More)
The single-minded (sim) gene encodes a transcriptional regulator that functions as a key determinant of central nervous system (CNS) midline development in Drosophila. We report here the identification of two murine homologs of sim, Sim1 and Sim2, whose products show a high degree of sequence conservation with Drosophila SIM in their amino-terminal halves,(More)
Strange fits of passion I have knownellipsis (W Wordsworth, 'Strange fits of passion'.) bHLH-PAS proteins are regulators of developmental and physiological events that are well conserved between vertebrates and invertebrates. Recent studies using mouse knockouts of bHLH-PAS genes have provided novel insight into the roles of hypoxia inducible factors in(More)
The dorsal-ventral polarity of the somite is controlled by antagonistic signals from the dorsal neural tube/surface ectoderm, mediated by WNTs, and from the ventral notochord, mediated by sonic hedgehog (SHH). Each factor can act over a distance greater than a somite diameter in vitro, suggesting they must limit each other's actions within their own(More)
PURPOSE To determine the clinical outcome of hypogastric artery occlusion in patients who underwent endovascular treatment of aortoiliac aneurysmal disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS From January 1994 to March 1998, 94 patients underwent endovascular treatment of aneurysmal diseases involving the infra-abdominal aorta or iliac arteries. Preoperative and(More)