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As desirable as it might be to predict early in the course of coma whether a patient will do well or poorly, all studies of coma prognosis are plagued by inherent methodologic problems that tend to diminish the utility of the derived criteria: especially the tendency of poor prognoses to be self-fulfilling, the rapid drop-off in patient population due to… (More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether exposure to antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy is associated with poor fetal outcomes (anomalies and death) and to assess the relative risks with phenobarbital, phenytoin sodium, and carbamazepine. DESIGN The design was a prospective case-control cohort study of pregnant women with epilepsy and their offspring. Outcomes… (More)
Lidocaine was efficacious in 2 patients with refractory status epilepticus (RSE) unresponsive to several antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), including high-dose barbiturates. We confirmed the efficacy of lidocaine with, for the first time in adults, continuous EEG monitoring. Lidocaine, when properly used, may be a treatment option in RSE.
A 20-year-old woman developed a systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-like syndrome and a positive antinuclear antibody (ANA) soon after initiation of carbamazepine (CBZ) therapy. Symptoms and serology became normal after CBZ was discontinued. CBZ-induced SLE is an important but underecognized phenomenon.
We describe a case of reversible encephalopathy caused by the recently released anticancer drug Ifosfamide. The clinical course, role of EEG in monitoring and predicting encephalopathy, and putative mechanism of neurotoxicity is discussed. Short infusion times and/or prior CNS disease may increase the risk of encephalopathy.
Developments in ethical decision making are increasing demand for more accurate predictions of outcome in coma. New neurophysiologic tests are needed to improve the ability to predict awakening as well as poor outcome. We have recently reported that the P300 event-related potential (P300) correlates with awakening and depth of nontraumatic coma. In this… (More)