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The effects of sublethal (7.75 Gy) 60Co gamma radiation exposure on endogenous bone marrow and splenic interleukin-1alpha (IL-1alpha), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) mRNA and protein levels were assayed in B6D2F1 female mice. Bone marrow and spleen were harvested from normal and irradiated mice on days 2, 4, 7, 10, and 14 postexposure,(More)
The development of an effective pharmacological countermeasure is needed to reduce the morbidity and mortality in military and civilian populations associated with possible exposure to ionizing radiation. Previous studies in mice have shown that a single subcutaneous (sc) injection of the natural steroid androst-5-ene-3beta,17beta-diol (5-androstenediol,(More)
To understand the effects of ionizing radiation on the production of IL-1 alpha in vivo within a hematopoietic organ, we evaluated acute changes in splenic IL-1 alpha mRNA and IL-1 alpha protein after exposing B6D2F1 mice to lethal and sublethal 60Co radiation. Results suggest that in vivo, ionizing radiation induces a time- and dose-dependent accumulation(More)
The effects of a myeloablative sublethal 775 cGy 60C gamma radiation exposure on endogenous bone marrow (BM) and splenic granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) mRNA levels were assayed in B6D2F1 female mice. BM and spleen were harvested from normal mice and irradiated mice on days 2, 4, 7,(More)
Irradiation increases susceptibility to bacterial infection. Exogenous proinflammatory cytokines can alter the response of mice to gamma radiation, but the role of endogenous inflammatory cytokines after bacterial infection in irradiated animals is not known. Gene expression of hematopoietic (GM-CSF) and proinflammatory (IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha)(More)
The c-kit ligand (KL; Steel factor, mast cell growth factor, stem cell factor) is a hematopoietic factor that has been shown to act as a potent cofactor for hematopoietic growth and differentiation in vitro. The in vivo effects of KL, however, have been variable. To study the hematopoietic role of KL in vivo, we evaluated KL gene expression in both normal(More)
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