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Trastuzumab (Herceptin) Fab were prepared by digestion of intact IgG with immobilized papain, derivatized with diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) and radiolabeled with (111)In. The dissociation constant (Kd) for binding of Fab to HER2/neu-positive SK-BR-3 human breast cancer cells was two- to threefold higher than for intact IgG (14-36 vs. 8-14 nM).(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the advent of guidelines recommending core needle biopsy (CNB) for diagnosis of breast abnormalities, it is underused in some jurisdictions. We sought to determine those factors influencing surgeons' choices of breast biopsy techniques. METHODS We surveyed 385 general surgeons in Ontario to first determine factors influencing the choice(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the available evidence on sentinel lymph-node biopsy, and to examine the long-term follow-up data from large randomized phase III trials comparing breast-conserving therapy with mastectomy in order to make recommendations on the surgical management of early invasive breast cancer (stages I and II), including the optimum management of(More)
One of the most important factors associated with local recurrence after lumpectomy in breast cancer patients is the status of the surgical margin. Standard surgical practice is to obtain clear margins even if this requires a second surgical procedure. It is assumed that reexcision to achieve clear margins when positive margins are present at initial(More)
PURPOSE 2-[(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) is potentially useful in assessing lymph nodes and detecting distant metastases in women with primary breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Women diagnosed with operable breast cancer within 3 months underwent FDG-PET at one of five Ontario study centers followed by axillary lymph(More)
Numerous studies have examined the relationship between organochlorines and breast cancer, but the results are not consistent. In most studies, organochlorines were measured in serum, but levels in breast adipose tissue are higher and represent cumulative internal exposure at the target site for breast cancer. Therefore, a hospital-based case-control study(More)
PURPOSE An increasing proportion of patients (> 30%) with node-positive breast cancer will obtain an axillary pathologic complete response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). If sentinel node (SN) biopsy (SNB) is accurate in this setting, completion node dissection (CND) morbidity could be avoided. PATIENTS AND METHODS In the prospective multicentric SN(More)
Increasing numbers of women are seeking evaluation of screen-detected breast abnormalities, and more women with breast cancer are living with the consequences of treatment. Improved technologies have helped to individualize diagnostic evaluation and treatment, improve efficacy and minimize morbidity. This article highlights some of these technologies.(More)
The biological and clinical significance of circulating tumor cells (CTC) in the peripheral blood of breast cancer patients is not known. To study this question, we used a direct visualization assay to correlate the number of CTC with disease stage and progression. The CTC were enriched from the nucleated cell fraction by filtration and enumerated visually(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the ability of trastuzumab (Herceptin) Fab, labelled with (99m)Tc through introduced hydrazinenicotinamide (HYNIC) functionalities, to image HER2/neu-overexpressing human breast cancer xenografts in athymic mice. METHODS Fab fragments were produced by immobilized papain digestion of trastuzumab immunoglobulin G (IgG), followed by(More)