C. M. Anjam Khan

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The interactions between bacterial pathogens and their eukaryotic hosts are vital in determining the outcome of infections. Bacterial pathogens employ molecular sensors to detect and facilitate adaptation to changes in their niche. The sensing of these extracellular signals enables the pathogen to navigate within mammalian hosts. Intercellular bacterial(More)
NEWS 446 Virulence Volume 3 Issue 5 Recent studies have identified cytoskeletal elements in bacteria which play important roles in cellular morphology, cell division, DNA segregation and the establishment of cell polarity. However, our understanding of the contribution the bacterial cytoskeleton makes toward virulence is lacking. The MreB protein is a(More)
Type III secretion systems (TTSS) are virulence-associated components of many gram-negative bacteria that translocate bacterial proteins directly from the bacterial cytoplasm into the host cell. The Salmonella translocated effector protein SopE has no consensus cleavable amino-terminal secretion sequence, and the mechanism leading to its secretion through(More)
Organisms from the Burkholderia cepacia complex are important pathogens in cystic fibrosis and are associated with increased rates of sepsis and death. These organisms comprise nine closely related species known as genomovars. B. cenocepacia (genomovar III) is the most prevalent and appears the most virulent. We investigated the biological activity of a(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. typhi) causes typhoid fever. We show that exposure of S. typhi to neuroendocrine stress hormones results in haemolysis, which is associated with the release of haemolysin E in membrane vesicles. This effect is attributed to increased expression of the small RNA micA and RNA chaperone Hfq, with concomitant downregulation(More)
Understanding how Salmonella species establish successful infections remains a foremost research priority. This gastrointestinal pathogen not only faces the hostile defenses of the host's immune system, but also faces fierce competition from the large and diverse community of microbiota for space and nutrients. Salmonella have solved these challenges(More)
This is the first structural elucidation of the lipooligosaccharide (LOS) endotoxin isolated from Burkholderia vietnamiensis, a clinically important member of Burkholderia cepacia complex, a group of over 10 opportunistic species that are highly problematic in cystic fibrosis. We have characterized a novel LOS structure extracted from two clonal strains of(More)
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