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The interactions between bacterial pathogens and their eukaryotic hosts are vital in determining the outcome of infections. Bacterial pathogens employ molecular sensors to detect and facilitate adaptation to changes in their niche. The sensing of these extracellular signals enables the pathogen to navigate within mammalian hosts. Intercellular bacterial(More)
Pathogenic bacteria employ a variety of mechanisms to resist a barrage of stresses they encounter during active growth in or outside the host as well as during growth stasis. An in silico screen of the Salmonella genome sequence revealed that Salmonella typhimurium LT2 possesses a homologue belonging to the universal stress protein A (UspA) family. We(More)
NEWS 446 Virulence Volume 3 Issue 5 Recent studies have identified cytoskeletal elements in bacteria which play important roles in cellular morphology, cell division, DNA segregation and the establishment of cell polarity. However, our understanding of the contribution the bacterial cytoskeleton makes toward virulence is lacking. The MreB protein is a(More)
Organisms from the Burkholderia cepacia complex are important pathogens in cystic fibrosis and are associated with increased rates of sepsis and death. These organisms comprise nine closely related species known as genomovars. B. cenocepacia (genomovar III) is the most prevalent and appears the most virulent. We investigated the biological activity of a(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. typhi) causes typhoid fever. We show that exposure of S. typhi to neuroendocrine stress hormones results in haemolysis, which is associated with the release of haemolysin E in membrane vesicles. This effect is attributed to increased expression of the small RNA micA and RNA chaperone Hfq, with concomitant downregulation(More)
Members of genus Burkholderia include opportunistic Gram-negative bacteria that are responsible for serious infections in immunocompromised and cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The Burkholderia cepacia complex is a group of microorganisms composed of at least nine closely related genomovars. Among these, B. cenocepacia is widely recognized to cause epidemics(More)
Salmonella live vaccine strains harbouring mutations in htrA, a stress protein gene, display increased susceptibility to oxidative stress in vitro. This is believed to be connected to their reduced virulence, perhaps due to impaired survival inside phagocytes, although this has never been formally proven. We report that the in vitro phenotype of increased(More)
The ability of bacterial pathogens to sense their immediate environment plays a significant role on their capacity to survive and cause disease. Salmonella enterica serovar typhi (S. typhi) is an exclusively human pathogen that causes typhoid fever. In a recent study, we have shown that S. typhi senses and responds to host neuroendocrine stress hormones to(More)
Bacterial species can communicate by producing and sensing small autoinducer molecules by a process known as quorum sensing. Salmonella enterica produces autoinducer 2 (AI-2) via the luxS synthase gene, which is used by some bacterial pathogens to coordinate virulence gene expression with population density. We investigated whether the luxS gene might(More)
Our perception that host-bacterial interactions lead to disease comes from rare, unsuccessful interactions resulting in the development of detectable symptoms. In contrast, the majority of host-bacterial interactions go unnoticed as the host and bacteria perceive each other to be no threat. In July 2004, a focused international symposium on(More)