Learn More
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors have been implicated in many neurological disorders. Although NMDA receptors are best known for their high calcium permeability, the recently discovered NR3 subunits, NR3A and NR3B, have been shown to reduce the calcium permeability of the NMDA receptor. Thus, NR3 subunits may be important players in modulating synaptic(More)
Extracellular protons inhibit N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors with an IC50 value in the physiological pH range. To identify the molecular determinants of proton sensitivity, we used scanning mutagenesis of the NR1 subunit to search for residues that control proton inhibition of NMDA receptors. Homology modeling of the extracellular domains suggested(More)
Hydrogen sulphide (H(2)S), a naturally occurring gas exerts physiological effects by opening K(ATP) channels. Anti-diabetic drugs (e.g. glibenclamide) block K(ATP) channels and abrogate H(2)S-mediated physiological responses which suggest that H(2)S may also regulate insulin secretion by pancreatic beta-cells. To investigate this hypothesis,(More)
The deregulation of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) by p25 has been shown to contribute to the pathogenesis in a number of neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). In particular, p25/Cdk5 has been shown to produce hyperphosphorylated tau, neurofibrillary tangles as well(More)
The NR3 subunits (NR3A and NR3B) are new players in a well established field of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, previously involving the NR1 and NR2 subunits. Their incorporation into conventional NMDA receptors forms glutamate-activated NR1/NR2/NR3 triheteromers, whereas the omission of the glutamate-binding NR2 subunits results in excitatory(More)
The advent of whole exome/genome sequencing and the technology-driven reduction in the cost of next-generation sequencing as well as the introduction of diagnostic-targeted sequencing chips have resulted in an unprecedented volume of data directly linking patient genomic variability to disorders of the brain. This information has the potential to transform(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is now known as a new biological mediator. In the present study, the effects of H(2)S on intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) in neuronal SH-SY5Y cells was investigated. In SH-SY5Y neuronal cells, NaHS, a H(2)S donor, concentration-dependently increased [Ca(2+)](i). The H(2)S-induced Ca(2+) elevation was significantly attenuated by(More)
Zinc is hypothesized to be co-released with glutamate at synapses of the central nervous system. Zinc binds to NR1/NR2A N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors with high affinity and inhibits NMDAR function in a voltage-independent manner. The serine protease plasmin can cleave a number of substrates, including protease-activated receptors, and may play an(More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are involved in mediating excitatory synaptic transmissions in the brain and have been implicated in numerous neurologic disorders. The proximal amino-terminal domains (ATDs) of NMDA receptors constitute many modulatory binding sites that may serve as potential drug targets. There are few biochemical and structural data(More)
Phenylethanolamines selectively bind to NR2B subunit-containing N-methyl-D-aspartate-subtype of ionotropic glutamate receptors and negatively modulate receptor activity. To investigate the structural and functional properties of the ifenprodil binding domain on the NR2B protein, we have purified a soluble recombinant rat NR2B protein fragment comprising the(More)