C. Lopez-Larrea

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Ankylosing spondylitis is a common form of inflammatory arthritis predominantly affecting the spine and pelvis that occurs in approximately 5 out of 1,000 adults of European descent. Here we report the identification of three variants in the RUNX3, LTBR-TNFRSF1A and IL12B regions convincingly associated with ankylosing spondylitis (P < 5 × 10−8 in the(More)
HLA-B27 is strongly associated to ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and represents a family of eleven B27 alleles (B*2701-11). Our aim was to analyze the distribution of B27 subtypes by PCR/SSOP and genomic sequencing in a large group of populations (n = 17). 711 B27-positive samples from Caucasoid, Asian, African, Amerindian and Polynesian populations were(More)
Ankylosing spondylitis is a common, highly heritable inflammatory arthritis affecting primarily the spine and pelvis. In addition to HLA-B*27 alleles, 12 loci have previously been identified that are associated with ankylosing spondylitis in populations of European ancestry, and 2 associated loci have been identified in Asians. In this study, we used the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relative contribution of HLA antigens in the susceptibility to psoriasis and to localize additional genetic factors involved in psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS DNA from 45 patients with psoriasis, 65 with PsA, and 177 healthy control subjects was examined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using sequence-specific(More)
KIR and HLA loci are both highly polymorphic, and some HLA class 1 products bind and trigger cell-surface receptors specified by KIR genes. We examined whether KIR genes act in concert with HLA-B locus to control HIV-1 infection in a sample of Zambian patients. DNA samples from 88 Zambian patients with HIV-1 were examined. Patients were classified as either(More)
BACKGROUND Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are an attractive resource for new therapeutic approaches that involve tissue regeneration. hESCs have exhibited low immunogenicity due to low levels of Mayor Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class-I and absence of MHC class-II expression. Nevertheless, the mechanisms regulating MHC expression in hESCs had not(More)
The aim of this study was to examine whether the association of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I genes is secondary to linkage disequilibrium with a nearby gene. We examined a sample of the Jewish population to investigate whether HLA-B/C and DR polymorphism is associated with susceptibility, or whether other closely(More)
The longevity-promoting NAD+-dependent class III histone deacetylase Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is involved in stem cell function by controlling cell fate decision and/or by regulating the p53-dependent expression of NANOG. We show that SIRT1 is down-regulated precisely during human embryonic stem cell differentiation at both mRNA and protein levels and that the(More)
Tumor cells expressing ligands of the NKG2D receptor stimulate anti-tumor immunity mediated by natural killer and T cells. In humans, NKG2D ligands (NKG2DL) are encoded by MIC and ULBP proteins. NKG2DL exhibit highly restricted expression in healthy tissues but are widely expressed in tumors. However, regulation of each NKG2DL differs substantially in(More)
Global mechanisms defining the gene expression programs specific for hematopoiesis are still not fully understood. Here, we show that promoter DNA demethylation is associated with the activation of hematopoietic-specific genes. Using genome-wide promoter methylation arrays, we identified 694 hematopoietic-specific genes repressed by promoter DNA methylation(More)