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The Wnt family of secreted signalling molecules are essential in embryo development and tumour formation. The Frizzled (Fz) family of serpentine receptors function as Wnt receptors, but how Fz proteins transduce signalling is not understood. In Drosophila, arrow phenocopies the wingless (DWnt-1) phenotype, and encodes a transmembrane protein that is(More)
There is evidence of genetic predisposition to autism, but the percent of autistic subjects with this background is unknown. It is clear that other factors, such as environmental influences, may play a role in this disease. In the present study, we have examined the fecal microbial flora of 33 subjects with various severities of autism with gastrointestinal(More)
Tumor markers can facilitate understanding molecular cell biology of neoplasia and provide potential targets for the diagnosis and insight for intervention. We here identify a novel murine gene, hepcarcin (hcn), encoding a 7-kb mRNA-like transcript. The gene appears to be the murine ortholog of the human alpha gene, that is, MALAT-1. The gene and homologs(More)
To investigate the role of the yeast telomere-, silencing-, and UAS-binding protein RAP1 in telomere position effects, we have characterized two sets of mutant cells: (1) a set of rap1 alleles (termed the rap1t alleles) that produce truncated RAP1 proteins missing the carboxy-terminal 144-165 amino acids; and (2) null mutants of the RIF1 gene, encoding a(More)
The innate immune system recognizes microorganisms through a series of pattern recognition receptors that are highly conserved in evolution. Insects have a family of 12 peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) that recognize peptidoglycan, a ubiquitous component of bacterial cell walls. We report cloning of three novel human PGRPs (PGRP-L, PGRP-Ialpha,(More)
Histamine is a multifunctional hormone that regulates smooth muscle contraction in the airways, acid secretion in the gut, and neurotransmitter release in the central nervous system through three well characterized receptor subtypes, H(1), H(2), H(3), respectively. As part of a directed effort to discover novel G-protein-coupled receptors through homology(More)
We have recently described the cloning and characterization of a novel corticotropin-releasing factor receptor subtype (CRF2) from rat brain that exists in two alternatively spliced forms, CRF2 alpha and CRF2 beta. These forms differ in their N-terminal coding sequence which results in the production of two distinct receptors of 411 and 431 amino acids,(More)
To identify bipolar disorder (BD) genetic susceptibility factors, we conducted two genome-wide association (GWA) studies: one involving a sample of individuals of European ancestry (EA; n=1001 cases; n=1033 controls), and one involving a sample of individuals of African ancestry (AA; n=345 cases; n=670 controls). For the EA sample, single-nucleotide(More)
A number of studies have indicated that 8p22-p12 is likely to harbor schizophrenia susceptibility loci. In this region, the candidate gene of interest, neuregulin 1 (NRG1), may play a role in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Then in the present study, we performed the linkage disequilibrium to determine the association between three genetic variants(More)
The GCKR rs780094 and GCK rs1799884 polymorphisms have been reported to be associated with dyslipidaemia and type 2 diabetes in white Europeans. The aim of this study was to replicate these associations in Han Chinese individuals and to identify the potential mechanisms underlying these associations. The single nucleotide polymorphisms rs780094 and(More)