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BACKGROUND Evidence on the short-term effects of fine and coarse particles on morbidity in Europe is scarce and inconsistent. OBJECTIVES We aimed to estimate the association between daily concentrations of fine and coarse particles with hospitalizations for cardiovascular and respiratory conditions in eight Southern European cities, within the(More)
BACKGROUND The 2003 heat wave had a high impact on mortality in Europe, which made necessary to develop heat health watch warning systems. In Spain this was carried-out by the Ministry of Health in 2004, being based on exceeding of city-specific simultaneous thresholds of minimum and maximum daily temperatures. The aim of this study is to assess(More)
BACKGROUND Saharan dust intrusions are a common phenomenon in the Madrid atmosphere, leading induce exceedances of the 50 μg/m(3)--EU 24 h standard for PM10. METHODS We investigated the effects of exposure to PM(10) between January 2003 and December 2005 in Madrid (Spain) on daily case-specific mortality; changes of effects between Saharan and non-Saharan(More)
In a recently published paper using space-time satellite data to determine air temperature (Ta), Kloog et al. concluded that Ta during pregnancy was associated with lower birth weight and shorter gestational age in the study population. The results obtained pointed to associations between Ta and birth weight during the last trimester, and between Ta and(More)
D irective 2008/50 CE of the European Parliament and Council of 21 May 2008 on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe was recently approved. 1 Annex XIV of the Directive establishes two stages for particulate matter having a diameter of under 2.5 micron (PM 2.5). Stage 1 indicates that the calendar year limit value for this pollutant is to be 25(More)
y 0,981 para las series de temperaturas máximas, medias y mínimas respectivamente. Background: Numerous articles relate atmospheric variables to health indicators. In large regions, such as Castilla-La Mancha, it may be necessary to divide the region into areas in terms of the atmospheric variables available by selecting a representative weather station for(More)
A single positive Pseudomonas aeruginosa sputum culture is not associated with increased long-term mortality in COPD References 1 Kelly JL, Bamsey O, Smith C, et al. Health status assessment in routine clinical practice: the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease assessment test score in outpatients. A, et al. Antibiotics for treatment and prevention of(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent research has assessed the impact of tobacco laws on cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity. In this study, we also examined whether the association between the implementation of the 2005 Spanish smoking ban and hospital admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases varies according to the adjustment for potential confounders. (More)