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Metastases from prostate cancer occur largely in bone through a haematogenous route. Metastatic spread of prostate cancer to the leptomeninges was rarely seen in the past. However, there has been a recent increase in presentations of leptomeningeal spread from prostate cancer in our institutions. Between 2004 and 2006, four patients were diagnosed with(More)
BACKGROUND Preoperative evaluation of recurrent laryngeal nerve function is important in the context of thyroid surgery. Transcutaneous ultrasound may be useful to visualize vocal fold movement when evaluating thyroid disease. METHODS A 7-18 MHz linear array transducer was placed transversely on the midline of the thyroid cartilage at the anterior neck of(More)
This study investigates the rate of late rectal and urinary toxicity from three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT) for localized prostate cancer. The influence of neoadjuvant androgen deprivation (AD) on toxicity rates was also examined. A total of 402 men at Liverpool and Westmead hospitals received radical 3DCRT for localized prostate cancer(More)
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