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In anesthetized rabbits, direct and integrated phrenic neurogram (Ephr) and electromyograms from the diaphragm (Edi) and intercostal (Eic) (2nd space) and transversus abdominis muscles (Etr) were simultaneously recorded in two protocols. 1) In animals breathing spontaneously, we used infinite inspiratory (RI) or expiratory (RE) resistive load and(More)
The electrical activity of the triangularis sterni (transversus thoracis) muscle was studied in supine humans during resting breathing and a variety of respiratory and nonrespiratory maneuvers known to bring the abdominal muscles into action. Twelve normal subjects, of whom seven were uninformed and untrained, were investigated. The electromyogram of the(More)
Most techniques used so far for the evaluation of diaphragm kinetics are either invasive (electromyography, fluoroscopy), or indirect (respiratory pressures, impedance plethysmography). The aim of this study was to determine whether assessment with ultrasound or fluoroscopy differed, and which technique appeared more suitable in the investigation of(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of hyperventilation (40 L/min) with room air (25 degrees C; 70% relative humidity) and frigid air (-10 degrees C; 0% relative humidity) on airway mucosal blood flow (Qaw) in normal subjects (n = 7; 26 to 54 yr of age). Qaw was measured with the dimethyl ether uptake technique, which reflects blood flow(More)
The value of sonography in lung diseases such as sarcoidosis is not established. Twelve patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis and eight control subjects underwent a sonographic examination using a high frequency probe (7.5 MHz). The normal lung surface showed smooth and regular hyperechoic patterns, respiratory motions, and occasionally minute interruptions(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the diaphragmatic excursion using the TM-mode ultrasonography with concomitant pneumotachography in eight normal and five asthmatic subjects before and after salbutamol. We report the results in normal and asthmatic patients of this procedure. Particular findings were demonstrated in asthma. Different significant(More)
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