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NHE3 is the predominant isoform responsible for apical membrane Na(+)/H(+) exchange in the proximal tubule. Deletion of NHE3 by gene targeting results in an NHE3(-/-) mouse with greatly reduced proximal tubule HCO(-)(3) absorption compared with NHE3(+/+) animals (P. J. Schultheis, L. L. Clarke, P. Meneton, M. L. Miller, M. Soleimani, L. R. Gawenis, T. M.(More)
A key function of the proximal tubule is retrieval of most of the vast quantities of NaCl and water filtered by the kidney. Physiological studies using brush border vesicles and perfused tubules have indicated that a major fraction of Cl(-) reabsorption across the apical membrane of proximal tubule cells occurs via Cl(-)-formate exchange. The molecular(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a vasoconstrictor peptide and a cotransmitter with norepinephrine (NE) in sympathetic nerve terminals and is thought to be involved in sympathetic nerve stimulation (SNS)-induced vasoconstriction. Using BIBP-3226, a Y1 receptor selective antagonist, we examined this hypothesis in the isolated and perfused mesenteric vascular bed. SNS(More)
Rat renal cortical mitochondria were isolated from Wistar male rats weighing 80 to 120 g to investigate whether the source of oxygen free radicals was renal cortical mitochondria enhanced by gentamicin. In renal cortical mitochondria with or without the addition of gentamicin, DMSO, DFO, CAT, SOD, and MT1 were added separately, then incubated at 37 degrees(More)
Between 1985 and 1986, during a population survey of diabetes in 1 urban and 5 rural areas of Taiwan, a total of 11,478 adults aged 40 or older were screened. Capillary whole blood glucose was determined with a glucometer (Ames Co.) The diabetic criteria followed the WHO designations. From this survey, a comparison of 225 newly diagnosed and 383 previously(More)
Post-surgical adhesion occurs when fibrous strands of scar tissue form, leading to the abnormal joining of anatomical structures. Patients undergoing abdominal surgery are at risk of the complications associated with intraperitoneal adhesions. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a biocompatible, biodegradable and non-toxic natural polymer, which is gaining popularity(More)
For 8 wk 5 groups of 10 men each were given 0.5 g/day DL-methionine, 150 micrograms Se/day as sodium selenite with or without methionine or 150 micrograms Se/day as selenomethionine with or without methionine. Twenty subjects received placebo as controls. Initially plasma Se rose more rapidly than RBC Se. Increases in Se levels were significantly greater(More)
We report that Bi₂Se₃ thin films can be epitaxially grown on SrTiO₃ substrates, which allow for very large tunablity in carrier density with a back gate. The observed low field magnetoconductivity due to weak antilocalization (WAL) has a very weak gate-voltage dependence unless the electron density is reduced to very low values. Such a transition in WAL is(More)
Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a fast and cost-effective technique to provide a tomographic conductivity image of a subject from boundary current-voltage data. This paper proposes a time and memory efficient method for solving a large scale 3D EIT inverse problem using a parallel conjugate gradient (CG) algorithm. The 3D EIT system with a large(More)