C. L. Verweij

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BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a heterogeneous disease with unknown cause. AIM To identify peripheral blood (PB) gene expression profiles that may distinguish RA subtypes. METHODS Large-scale expression profiling by cDNA microarrays was performed on PB from 35 patients and 15 healthy individuals. Differential gene expression was analysed by(More)
Stimulation of human blood cultures with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) shows large inter-individual variation in interleukin 10 (IL-10) secretion, which has been shown to have a genetic component of over 70%. Alleles at two microsatellite loci in the 4 kb immediately upstream of the human IL-10 transcription initiation site in 132 individuals from 56(More)
OBJECTIVE Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common, severe, chronic inflammatory joint disease. Since the disease may initially be indistinguishable from other forms of arthritis, early diagnosis can be difficult. Autoantibodies seen in RA can be detected years before clinical symptoms develop. In an inception cohort of patients with recent-onset arthritis, we(More)
IL-13 plays a crucial role in the development of allergic asthma by several mechanisms, including induction of IgE antibodies, airway eosinophilia and hyper-reactivity. We previously established a deregulated production of IL-13 by T cells from allergic asthma patients. In this report we describe the identification of a novel IL-13 promoter polymorphism (C(More)
The in vitro study of TNF promoter polymorphism (SNP) function was stimulated by the numerous case-control (association) studies of the polymorphisms in relation to human disease and the appearance of several studies claiming to show a functional role for these SNPs provided a further impetus to researchers interested in the role of TNF in their disease of(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a heterogeneous disease. We used cDNA microarray technology to subclassify RA patients and disclose disease pathways in rheumatoid synovium. Hierarchical clustering of gene expression data identified two main groups of tissues (RA-I and RA-II). A total of 121 genes were significantly higher expressed in the RA-I tissues, whereas(More)
TNF-alpha production in whole blood cultures upon stimulation with LPS was determined in 179 individuals from 61 families in order to characterise the magnitude of inherited differences in TNF-alpha production. The three families characterised by highest TNF production showed 7.1 +/- 0.3 ng TNF/ml upon culture with 10 ng LPS and 10.2 +/- 0.2 ng TNF/ml upon(More)
It has been shown that proinflammatory and antiinflammatory cytokines correlate with disease activity in multiple sclerosis (MS). To establish whether such correlations depend on the disease stage, we assessed in a longitudinal fashion the expression of interleukin (IL)-12 (p40 and p35), tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interferon-gamma, and IL-10 mRNA by(More)
In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the functional status of T cells is incompletely understood. Synovial T cells display phenotypic evidence of former activation, but there is poor production of T cell-derived cytokines in the synovium. In addition, synovial T cell proliferation upon mitogenic and antigenic stimulation was decreased compared with that in(More)