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Of the many factors that influence food intake, there is strong evidence that opioid and CCK peptides, which stimulate feeding and elicit satiety, respectively, are important components that may act in concert to regulate energy balance. Cholecystokinin peptides have been isolated in both the brain and gastrointestinal tract, and changes in concentration in(More)
Opioid peptides, particularly beta-endorphin, methionine- (MEK) and leucine-enkephalin, and dynorphin, are involved in the regulation of food intake in mammals. The precursor molecules of these peptides undergo differential processing in brain areas producing regional concentration differences in opioids. Intraregional concentration changes also accompany(More)
There is increasing evidence that peptides in the brain are important in the control of food intake. Administration of opioid and CCK peptides have elicited hunger and satiety, respectively. To evaluate the interaction of these peptides and their role in the central nervous system, concentrations of met-enkephalin were measured in the hypothalamus of rats(More)
Food intake and body temperature are two of many factors affected by IL-1 beta, a cytokine which is produced in response to tissue injury and inflammatory processes. In the present experiment, a tripeptide IL-1 beta antagonist which blocked IL-1 beta-induced hyperalgesia was tested for the ability to block IL-1 beta-induced effects on food intake and body(More)
Administration of cholecystokinin was recently found to attenuate opiate analgesia. In the present study, the role of endogenous cholecystokinin in opiate analgesia was examined. Endogenously released cholecystokinin was sequestered by antibodies to cholecystokinin developed in response to an active immunization procedure. Morphine analgesia was potentiated(More)