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Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus, is a zoonotic pathogen that is prevalent in some Southeast Asian countries and causes acute encephalitis in humans. To evaluate the potential application of gene immunization to JEV infection, we characterized the immune responses from mice intramuscularly injected with plasmid DNA encoding JEV(More)
PURPOSE To observe the effect of intraoperative mitomycin C on the size of the osteotomy site after dacryocystorhinostomy.: METHODS A total of 15 eyes of 14 patients diagnosed with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction were assigned randomly to either a mitomycin C group or a control group. The surgical procedures in both groups were exactly the(More)
The antiviral effects of nitric oxide (NO) on Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a member of the family Flaviviridae, were investigated in this study. In vitro, inhibition of replication of JEV in gamma interferon-activated RAW 264.7 murine macrophages was correlated to cellular NO production. When cocultured with infected murine neuroblastoma N18 cells,(More)
Persistent infection with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) was established in murine neuroblastoma N18 cells, and the persistency has been maintained in cell culture for over 6 months. From the persistently infected cells, a clone named C2-2 was selected and expanded to form a stable cell line. The vast majority of C2-2 cells showed viral protein staining(More)
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) infects a broad range of cell types in vitro, though little is known about the initial events of JEV infection. In the present study, we found that highly sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are involved in infection of both neurovirulent (RP-9) and attenuated (RP-2ms) JEV strains. Competition experiments using highly(More)
OBJECTIVE MicroRNAs (miRNAs) function as negative regulators for the expression of genes involved in cancer metastasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential role of miR-98 in gliomas and validate its regulatory mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS Cell viability assays are used to measure proliferation of cell. mRNA expression is measured by(More)
Using gamma-ray irradiation, a pair of virulent (RP-9) and attenuated (RP-2ms) variants of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) were generated from a Taiwanese isolate, NT109. The two variants differed in plaque morphology, virus adsorption, and growth properties in BHK-21 cells: (i) RP-2ms produced smaller plaques than RP-9; (ii) RP-2ms adsorbed less(More)
A pair of virulent (RP-9) and attenuated (RP-2ms) mutants of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) were generated from a Taiwanese isolate NT109. The mutants differed in several aspects in vitro and in vivo. RP-2ms exhibited smaller plaque than RP-9 on BHK-21 cells, and when intracerebrally injected, RP-2ms was much less neurovirulent than RP-9. As peripherally(More)
Infection by Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus, causes acute encephalitis in humans and induces severe cytopathic effects in different types of cultured cells. This study attempted to determine whether apoptosis contributes to virus-induced cell death in a culture system by characterizing JEV lytic infection in baby hamster(More)
Minus-strand RNA is the first RNA species made by plus-strand RNA viruses, such as mouse hepatitis virus (MHV), and serves as a template for subsequent RNA replication and transcription. The regulation of minus-strand RNA synthesis has been difficult to study because of the paucity of minus-strand RNA. We have optimized a ribonuclease (RNase) protection(More)