C. L. Kelly

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BACKGROUND We have reported that symptom-free carriers of Clostridium difficile have a systemic anamnestic immune response to toxin A. The aim of this study was to determine whether an acquired immune response to toxin A, during an episode of C. difficile diarrhoea, influences risk of recurrence. METHODS We prospectively studied 63 patients with(More)
To be therapeutically active, oral hyperimmune bovine immunoglobulin concentrate (BIC) must survive its passage through the intestinal tract. This led us to study the gastrointestinal stability of orally administered BIC directed against Clostridium difficile toxins (BIC-C. difficile). BIC-C. difficile was stable at neutral pH in vitro but was degraded at(More)
BACKGROUND We report striking and unanticipated improvements in maladaptive behaviours in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) during a trial of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) initially designed to investigate effects on the overeating behaviour. PWS is a genetically determined neurodevelopmental disorder associated with mild-moderate intellectual disability (ID) and(More)
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