C L Heifetz

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Three new aminopyrrolidine-substituted fluorocyclopropyl quinolones--PD 117596, PD 124816, and PD 127391--were tested for in vitro antibacterial activity against 349 bacterial strains, which are primarily clinical isolates. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) in micrograms/ml required for greater than or equal to 90% of strains were 0.03-0.06 for(More)
Sparfloxacin (CI-978, AT-4140 and PD 131501) is a new antimicrobial agent of the piperazinyl quinolone class. Relative to other quinolones, it is a potent antistaphylococcal and antistreptococcal drug in vitro: The microbroth 90% minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC90) (in microgram/ml) was 0.25 vs 26 methicillin-resistant and -sensitive coagulase-positive(More)
A series of 60 newly synthesized and known quinolone antibacterials, including quinoline- and 1,8-naphthyridine-3-carboxylic acids, pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-6-carboxylic acids, and some monocyclic 4-pyridone-3-carboxylic acids, were tested and compared in a newly established, easy to perform, DNA gyrase assay. The results were correlated with minimum(More)
A series of 7,8-disubstituted 1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoroquinoline-3-carboxylic acids, 7-substituted 1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-1,8-naphthyridine-3-carboxylic acids, and 10-substituted 9-fluoropyridobenzoxazine-6-carboxylic acids has been prepared and evaluated for antibacterial activity. The side chains examined at the 7-position (benzoxazine 10-position) included(More)
A series of 18 1-substituted 7-[3-[(ethylamino)methyl]-1- pyrrolidinyl]-6,8-difluoro-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-3-quinoline- carboxylic acids (N1 analogues of CI-934) were synthesized and evaluated for antibacterial activity and DNA-gyrase inhibition. Correlations between the inhibition of DNA gyrase and antibacterial potency were established. A quantitative(More)
Cefdinir (FK482), a new oral cephalosporin with enhanced beta-lactamase stability, was tested by microbroth dilution against respiratory, urogenital, and skin and skin-structure bacterial pathogens. Included were beta-lactamase (beta LAC)-producing and -nonproducing isolates. Activity was compared with that of other orally administered beta-lactams.(More)
PD 131628 is a new aminopyrrolidine-substituted fluorocyclopropyl naphthyridine quinolone which possesses high in vitro activity against a wide spectrum of bacterial species. The MICs for greater than or equal to 90% of strains were 0.125 to 0.25 microgram/ml for staphylococci, Streptococcus pyogenes, and S. pneumoniae; 0.5 micrograms/ml for S. agalactiae(More)
A deep-seated Pseudomonas aeruginosa mouse kidney abscess model was used to compare the therapeutic efficacy of clinafloxacin, a fluoroquinolone in clinical trials, with that of clinically relevant standard drugs. Following 50 mg/kg oral doses, twice daily for five consecutive days, clinafloxacin produced a 4 log decrease in mean bacterial count, the(More)
CI-934 is a totally synthetic difluorinated quinolinecarboxylic acid with an ethyl-amino-methyl pyrrolidine side chain, which has broad-spectrum antibacterial activity, including particular potency directed against streptococci and staphylococci. The CI-934 MIC (micrograms per milliliter) for 90% of the strains tested was 0.4 (range, 0.2 to 0.8) for a group(More)
Studies were run in parallel to compare the broth microdilution method and the chocolate agar dilution method for testing antibiotic susceptibility of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Six clinically relevant drugs were tested against 23 clinical isolates of N. gonorrhoeae, including several penicillinase-producing, as well as multiply resistant, strains. Results(More)