C. L. Gilbert

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This study tested the hypothesis that the administration of oxytocin in doses equivalent to endogenous concentrations at and around oestrus could affect uterine and oviductal muscular activity at the time of gamete transport. Four ewes were fitted with recording electrodes in the left ampulla, ampullary-isthmic junction, utero-tubal junction and uterine(More)
Experiments in rodents have suggested that environmental disturbance can disrupt parturition through an opioid-mediated inhibition of oxytocin secretion. To test this hypothesis in a large animal model, 14 primiparous female pigs were allowed to commence parturition in a strawed pen. Five of these gilts were allowed to continue parturition undisturbed in(More)
Mating has been shown in many species to provoke the release of oxytocin (OT). In our study, various stimuli were applied to mares to study release of OT and prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) associated with mating. Blood samples were collected from mares around the time of teasing both in oestrus and dioestrus and at mating. For comparison, blood(More)
Domestic pigs, Sus scrofa, build a maternal nest on the day before parturition. A model for nest building has been established in pigs, in which exogenously administered prostaglandin (PG) F(2alpha) may be used to elicit nesting behaviour in cyclic, pseudopregnant and pregnant pigs. The central mechanisms mediating this response are unknown. The present(More)
We have previously shown that prostaglandin F2alpha (PG) is capable of inducing nest-building behaviour in pseudopregnant gilts and established a protocol. This experiment examined which reproductive endocrine systems might mediate these behavioural responses, in the presence or absence of a space restriction stress. Pseudopregnancy was induced with 5(More)
Oxytocin and the related peptide [Arg8]vasopressin (AVP) have previously been shown to bind with equally high affinity to oxytocin binding-sites (presumed oxytocin receptors) present within the uterus and oviduct of oestrous ewes. There is a possibility, therefore, that AVP mediates oxytocic actions through these binding sites. For the present study, ewes(More)
Acoustic duets—in which the female reveals herself to the advertising male—are a common means of establishing a temporary, pre-mating pair bond within Phaneropterinae katydids. Such duets, however, are especially susceptible to eavesdropping males that orient to signaling females and interrupt the established duet. It would therefore be advantageous for an(More)
(317 articles) health and disease and epidemiology Articles on similar topics can be found in the following collections Email alerting service here right-hand corner of the article or click Receive free email alerts when new articles cite this article-sign up in the box at the top The high food prices experienced over recent years have led to the widespread(More)