Learn More
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV or HHV4), a member of the human herpesvirus (HHV) family, has recently been shown to encode microRNAs (miRNAs). In contrast to most eukaryotic miRNAs, these viral miRNAs do not have close homologs in other viral genomes or in the genome of the human host. To identify other miRNA genes in pathogenic viruses, we combined a new miRNA(More)
The PTH/PTHrP receptor binds to two ligands with distinct functions: the calcium-regulating hormone, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and the paracrine factor, PTH-related protein (PTHrP). Each ligand, in turn, is likely to activate more than one receptor. The functions of the PTH/PTHrP receptor were investigated by deletion of the murine gene by homologous(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to determine if human papillomavirus (HPV) infection of extravillous trophoblast cells reduces cell invasion and if placental infection is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes attributed to placental dysfunction. METHODS We conducted apoptosis and invasion assays using extravillous trophoblast (HTR-8/SVneo) cells that were(More)
Capping is targeted to pre-mRNAs through binding of the guanylyltransferase component of the capping apparatus to the phosphorylated CTD of RNA polymerase II. We report that mammalian guanylyltransferase binds synthetic CTD peptides containing phosphoserine at either position 2 or 5 of the YSPTSPS heptad repeat. CTD peptides containing Ser-5-PO4 stimulate(More)
The present study was to ascertain the immunomodulating and anti-tumor effects of Ganoderma (G.) lucidum. Polysaccharides (PS) from fresh fruiting bodies of G. lucidum (PS-G) were isolated and used to potentiate cytokine production by human monocytes-macrophages and T lymphocytes. Our results had shown that the levels of interleukin (IL)-1 beta, tumor(More)
BACKGROUND Unlike the adult sleep related disordered breathing (SDB) patients who are typically obese, the relation between obesity and childhood SDB is not clear. AIMS To investigate whether obese children are more at risk of obstructive SDB when compared to normal population, and whether this risk is potentiated by the presence of pharyngeal lymphoid(More)
T4 RNA ligase 2 (Rnl2) exemplifies an RNA ligase family that includes the RNA editing ligases (RELs) of Trypanosoma and Leishmania. The Rnl2/REL enzymes are defined by essential signature residues and a unique C-terminal domain, which we show is essential for sealing of 3'-OH and 5'-PO4 RNA ends by Rnl2, but not for ligase adenylation or phosphodiester bond(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To define the metabolic profile relevant to vascular risks in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the role of leptin resistance in this risk profile. DESIGN Case control study. SETTING Sleep Laboratory, Queen Mary Hospital, University of Hong Kong, China. METHODS Thirty OSA subjects were matched with 30 non-OSA subjects for body mass(More)
The regulation of megakaryocytopoiesis and thrombopoiesis appears to be under the control of an array of hematopoietic growth factors. To determine the relationship between endogenous cytokine levels and circulating platelet counts, we measured the serum levels of both thrombopoietic and inflammatory cytokines in the peripheral blood and bone marrow samples(More)
The 5' end of the flavivirus plus-sense RNA genome contains a type 1 cap (m(7)GpppAmG), followed by a conserved stem-loop structure. We report that nonstructural protein 5 (NS5) from four serocomplexes of flaviviruses specifically methylates the cap through recognition of the 5' terminus of viral RNA. Distinct RNA elements are required for the methylations(More)