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Positron emission tomography of the brain with 75-sec rubidium-82 obtained from a portable generator (25-day Sr-82 leads to Rb-82) was used to evaluate the integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in patients with brain tumors. Rubidium is normally excluded from the central nervous system by the intact BBB, but when the BBB is disrupted by a tumor. Rb(More)
In order to determine the minimum effective dosages of praziquantel, albendazole, and mebendazole against Clonorchis sinensis infection in Sprague-Dawley rats, each rat was infected with 30 metacercariae and treated with one of three drugs. The rats were killed and examined 25 days after praziquantel treatment or 11 days after albendazole or mebendazole(More)
Identifying children with acute pharyngitis caused by group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus (GABHS) is an important task for pediatricians. This study examined the value of certain clinical symptoms and signs in predicting a positive culture result. A total of 442 children who presented at the outpatient department with pharyngeal erythema were enrolled. The(More)
Dynamic positron tomography of the brain with 82 Rb, obtained from a portable generator [82Sr (25 days) - 82 Rb (76 sec)], provides a means of studying blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability in physiological and clinical investigations. The BBB in rhesus monkeys was opened unilaterally be intracarotid infusion of 3 M urea. This osmotic barrier opening(More)
Portasystemic shunting was quantified in dogs with [123I]iodoamphetamine (IMP) administered transrectally into the colon and monitored externally with a gamma camera. IMP was absorbed rapidly and unchanged from the colon. After direct injection into the portal vein, IMP was almost completely extracted by the liver on the first pass, and the washout(More)
We present what we believe is the first reported case of a spontaneous aortoduodenal fistula, with massive rupture into the duodenum during the performance of a radionuclide study of gastrointestinal bleeding. Our experience suggests that nuclear scintigraphy with labeled red blood cells can help in the diagnosis of this disorder by demonstrating both the(More)
Earlier studies showed that the redundancy of ACG initiation codons enhanced the efficiency of translation initiation by 3- to 6-fold. Evidence presented here shows that this "redundancy effect" can be attributed to a favorable sequence context and, to a lesser extent, remedial initiation. In the case of redundant ACG initiator codons, the second ACG not(More)
In order to understand the prevalence of childhood streptococcal pharyngitis, isolation of group A Streptococcus (GAS) was attempted from throat swabs of pharyngitis patients. Children aged between 1 and 15 years presenting to the outpatient department with pharyngeal erythema were prospectively enrolled in the study. Demographic data and presenting(More)
Portosystemic shunt fraction estimation using transcolonic iodine-123-iodoamphetamine (IMP) has been previously validated relative to portal vein macroaggregated albumin injections using an experimental model of cirrhosis. Transcolonic technetium-99m-pertechnetate (TcO4-) has been proposed as an alternative tracer to IMP to study portal circulation in(More)