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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The neuroanatomic substrate of cognitive deficits in long-term survivors of prematurity with PVL is poorly understood. The thalamus is critically involved in cognition via extensive interconnections with the cerebral cortex. We hypothesized that the thalamus is atrophic (reduced in volume) in childhood survivors of prematurity with(More)
Delirium is presumed to be the same syndrome in all ages. Comparing pediatric and adult studies, the authors found many of the same symptoms reported, but often at significantly different rates. Sleep-wake disturbance, fluctuating symptoms, impaired attention, irritability, agitation, affective lability, and confusion were more often noted in children;(More)
We studied intraobserver reproducibility in recognizing the presence or absence of 57 histologic feature or patterns in a random subset of tumors (822) from the Childhood Brain Tumor Consortium database. The study protocol maximized consistency of the observer. We found that only six histologic features had high (> or = 0.75) reliability estimates while a(More)
The study of delirium has been neglected in pediatric patients, and there are no diagnostic criteria or rating scales adapted for use in this age group. The Delirium Rating Scale is widely used to diagnose and rate the severity of delirium in adults. It was retrospectively administered to 84 children and adolescents diagnosed with delirium to evaluate its(More)
Nineteen children were acutely dysphoric, inattentive, irritable, and sometimes mute following midline posterior fossa neoplasm resection and arteriovenous malformation hemorrhage. These symptoms represent an acute manifestation of the cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome. The authors aimed to describe the acute psychiatric changes in mood and behavior(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To date, very limited attention has been given to ocular abnormalities or growth parameters detected by fetal MR imaging. Our objective was to retrospectively determine the relationship between different parameters of eye development and estimated gestational age in the human fetus by use of fetal MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS A(More)
Children whose brain tumor involves two or more compartments at presentation differ clinically and pathologically from children whose brain tumor is confined to one compartment. In this study of 3,291 children with a brain tumor, at least 10% had a tumor that occupied two or three compartments at first hospitalization. Infratentorial tumors occupying(More)
Survivors of pediatric intracranial malignancies are at recognized high risk for neurocognitive and psychosocial dysfunction, endocrinopathies, growth abnormalities, and second neoplasms. The late onset of persistent psychosis may represent an additional serious psychiatric consequence of childhood intracranial malignancies. The authors report eight(More)
We examined potential clinical and pathologic correlates of seizures among the 3,291 children in the Childhood Brain Tumor Consortium database. Fourteen percent had seizures prior to their hospitalization for a brain tumor. Among children who had a supratentorial tumor, seizures occurred in 22% of those less than 14 years of age. The prevalence of seizures(More)
In the Childhood Brain Tumor Consortium database, the proportions of older children (> or = 11 yr) with pilocytic astrocytomas, fibrillary astrocytomas, and ependymomas significantly increased (P < 0.05) over the 50 years (1930-1979) of the study. The increased proportions of pilocytic astrocytomas occurred whether the tumors were located in the(More)