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Cryptococcus neoformans usually causes disease in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This descriptive study was based on a retrospective review of 33 HIV-uninfected patients with disseminated cryptococcosis from 1998 to 2005. An underlying condition associated with immunocompromise was documented in 30 patients (90.9%), including(More)
This study was to determine the diagnostic value of procalcitonin (PCT) in the differentiation of infectious and non-infectious causes of pleural effusion. From January 2005 to April 2005, we measured the PCT levels of pleural effusion from 76 patients using an immunoluminometric assay. The types of pleural infusions studied were para-pneumonic effusion (n(More)
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia can cause various clinical diseases; however, pleural infections due to S. maltophilia are rare. We evaluated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with pleural infections (complicated parapneumonic effusion or empyema) due to S. maltophilia who were treated at a medical center in Taiwan from 2004 to 2012. During(More)
The resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) to second-line drugs (SLDs) is growing worldwide; however, associations between the appropriateness of treatment for tuberculosis (TB) and whether the directly observed treatment, short course (DOTS)/DOTS-plus programs had an impact on the prevalence of SLD-resistant MTB are still uncertain. We performed a(More)
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