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A recent report from this laboratory (Chitaley K, Wingard C, Webb R, Branam H, Stopper V, Lewis R, and Mills T. Nature Medicine 7: 119-122, 2001) showed that inhibition of Rho-kinase increased the erectile response (intracavernosal pressure and mean arterial pressure) by a process that does not require nitric oxide or cGMP. The present study investigated(More)
Specific receptor antagonists were used to examine the role of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the erectile response of the rat. In these studies, intact rats were cannulated to permit the continuous recording of mean arterial pressure (MAP) and intracavernosal pressure (CCP). Erection was induced by electrical stimulation of the autonomic ganglion, which regulates(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) activates protein kinase B (also known as Akt), which phosphorylates and activates a cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 3B. Increases in cyclic nucleotide concentrations inhibit agonist-induced contraction of vascular smooth muscle. Thus we hypothesized that the PI3-kinase/Akt pathway may regulate vascular smooth(More)
Activation of cyclic nucleotide-dependent signaling pathways leads to relaxation of bovine carotid artery smooth muscle contractions and is associated with increased phosphorylation of the small heat shock-related protein (HSP20). Previous reports have shown that human umbilical artery smooth muscle is uniquely resistant to cyclic nucleotide-dependent(More)
Recent evidence indicates that endothelin-1 (ET-1) might be a principal vasoconstrictor in the penis. We report that ET-1 injection into the cavernous sinuses before erection sharply reduced the magnitude of subsequent erections. Corpus cavernosum pressure-to-mean arterial pressure ratios (CCP/MAP), with maximal ganglionic stimulation, were 0.62 +/- 0.05(More)
Constriction of the penile vasculature prevents erection and is largely mediated by physiological agonists. We hypothesized that protein kinase C (PKC) may act as a regulator of penile vascular tone. Studies were designed to identify PKC isoforms present and to investigate their roles in phenylephrine-induced muscle contraction in the isolated rat corpora(More)
Recent studies have suggested that contraction of the smooth muscle in the cavernosal arterioles and in the walls of the cavernosal sinuses is maintained by the RhoA/Rho-kinase signaling pathway. However, this contraction activity must be overcome to permit the vasorelaxation essential for erection. We postulate that nitric oxide (NO) causes erection(More)
Studies in this laboratory are designed to determine the effects of vasoconstrictor agents on the erectile response in rats. We have previously demonstrated that the vasoconstrictor effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1) is sharply reduced by erection and by nitric oxide (NO) administration. The present study was performed to determine if vasoconstriction, resulting(More)
Constriction of the penile vasculature prevents erection and is largely mediated by physiological agonists. We hypothesized that protein kinase C (PKC) may act as a regulator of penile vascular tone. Studies were designed to identify PKC isoforms present and to investigate their roles in phenylephrine-induced muscle contraction in the isolated rat corpora(More)
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