Learn More
Phase patterns of human scalp alpha EEG activity show spontaneous transitions between different globally phase-synchronized states. We studied the dynamical properties of these transitions using the method of symbolic dynamics. We found greater predictability (deterministicity) and heterogeneity in the dynamics than what was expected from corresponding(More)
Stroop and Garner interference were studied in two experiments involving stimuli with several irrelevant features. Using these stimuli, which were more complex than those usually used in perceptual interference studies, a new phenomenon occurred: Stroop effects without a corresponding Garner interference were obtained in four out of six nontarget(More)
BACKGROUND Brain structure and dynamics are interdependent through processes such as activity-dependent neuroplasticity. In this study, we aim to theoretically examine this interdependence in a model of spontaneous cortical activity. To this end, we simulate spontaneous brain dynamics on structural connectivity networks, using coupled nonlinear maps. On(More)
Perceiving the affordance of a tool requires the integration of several complementary relationships among actor, tool, and target. Highers order affordance structures are introduced to deal with these forms of complex action from an ecological-realist point of view. The complexity of the higher order affordance structure was used to predict the difficulty(More)
The dynamical properties of large-scale, long-term phase synchronization behavior in the alpha range of electroencephalographic signals were investigated. We observed dynamical phase synchronization and presented evidence of an underlying spatiotemporal ordering. Fluctuations in the duration of episodes of intermittent synchrony are scale-invariant.(More)
In a number of studies, children diagnosed with developmental dyslexia reached normal scores in standard visual processing tasks, and some researchers concluded that visual processing deficits are not involved in the syndrome. The tasks used, however, may be insensitive to anomalous visual information processing strategies used to compensate for an(More)
A figure combination task, in which three components are combined into an object, was administered under imagery-alone and externalization conditions to subjects with different levels of sketching expertise. In externalization conditions the imaged combinations were sketched. In accordance with earlier studies, the combinations were rated equally creative(More)
One critical question for the front end of models of visual-word recognition and reading is whether the stage of letter position coding is purely orthographic or whether phonology is (to some degree) involved. To explore this issue, we conducted a silent reading experiment in Japanese Kana--a script in which orthography and phonology can be easily(More)
Our first review article (Wagemans et al., 2012) on the occasion of the centennial anniversary of Gestalt psychology focused on perceptual grouping and figure-ground organization. It concluded that further progress requires a reconsideration of the conceptual and theoretical foundations of the Gestalt approach, which is provided here. In particular, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Data from a previous event-related potential (ERP) study in visual-perceptual grouping [Nikolaev AR, van Leeuwen C. Flexibility in spatial and non-spatial feature grouping: an event-related potentials study. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 2004;22:13-25] were re-analyzed to identify event-related dynamics of phase-synchronization. METHODS In 20 Hz(More)