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Most of the early studies published on soy and breast cancer were not designed to test the effect of soy; the assessment of soy intake was usually crude and few potential confounders were considered in the analysis. In this review, we focused on studies with relatively complete assessment of dietary soy exposure in the targeted populations and appropriate(More)
In this study, we demonstrate that apoptosis and G2/M cell cycle arrest were easily induced by treatment with the oral-antifungal agent, griseofulvin (GF). The mechanisms of GF-induced G2/M arrest were characterized as (a) induction of abnormal mitotic spindle formation, (b) elevation of cyclin B1/cdc2 kinase activity and (c) down-regulation of myt-1(More)
We studied the mechanisms underlying the bradykinin-evoked changes in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. Bradykinin evoked a [Ca2+]i transient in a dose-dependent manner, measured by fura-2 fluorimetry and digital video imaging. The transient consisted of a rise and a decay and [Ca2+]i returned to(More)
We have studied the effects of La3+ on ATP-evoked rises in intracellular calcium levels ([Ca2+]i) measured by fura-2 fluorimetry in Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. ATP evoked [Ca2+]i rises dose-dependently with an EC50 of 2.5 microM. The trigger for the Ca2+ signal was a release of Ca2+ from the inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-sensitive stores(More)
The effect of econazole on intracellular calcium levels ([Ca2+]i) in Madin Darby canine kidney cells was investigated using fura-2 fluorimetry. Econazole increased [Ca2+]i dose-dependently at 5-50 microM. The Ca2+ signal consisted of an initial rise, a gradual decay and a sustained plateau. Extracellular Ca2+ removal partially reduced the econazole(More)
BACKGROUND Small cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix is an uncommon tumor associated with high mortality even among patients with early stage disease. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery has been suggested by regimens used for small cell lung carcinoma. During the years 1980-1997, 19 cases in which various adjuvant chemotherapies were given(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate pretreatment variables that could predict prognosis and to evaluate the impact of postoperative adjuvant therapy on the outcomes of patients with Stage IB or II cervical carcinoma with or without pelvic lymph node metastases. METHODS Eight hundred ninety-one patients with Stage IB or II cervical(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the transmission rate of human papillomavirus (HPV) in newborn infants of HPV-positive women and to assess the relationship between perinatal HPV transmission and mode of delivery. METHODS Three hundred one pregnant women were selected: vaginal delivery (n = 160) or cesarean delivery (n = 141). We assessed the presence of the HPV(More)
The present study examined the effects of nicotinamide on the D-amphetamine (AMPH)-induced dopamine (DA) depletion and energy metabolism change in the rat striatum. In chronic studies, co-administration of AMPH with desipramine, a drug that retards the metabolism of AMPH, (10 mg/kg, intraperitoneal [i.p.], respectively) caused a significant decrease of(More)
Amphetamine-induced hydroxyl radical formation in the striatum of rats was investigated in this study. With the utilization of the microdialysis and HPLC-ECD, the striatal dopamine (DA) release and the formation of 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,3-DHBA), derived from the reaction of hydroxyl radicals (.OH) and salicylate in perfusion, were monitored and(More)