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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa among patients in primary care and to evaluate the impact of urbanization, age and sex differences, and changes over time. METHOD During 1985-1989, 58 general practitioners, trained in diagnosing eating disorders, registered all of their patients who(More)
Swine fitted with re-entrant ileo-cecal cannulas were fed purified diets containing either casein or soybean protein to study possible relations between cholesterol metabolism, digestion of dietary constituents and postprandial patterns of various serum components. Compared with soybean protein, dietary casein produced an increase in serum total cholesterol(More)
To investigate changes in the thermic effect of a meal (TEM) during pregnancy, metabolic rate was measured in the fasting state and during the first 180 min after consumption of a standardized test meal in twenty-seven women before, and in each trimester of pregnancy. Resting metabolic rate (RMR) showed a steady increase over pregnancy: values in weeks 24(More)
Energy metabolism was measured in 24 women before pregnancy and during lactation (2 mo postpartum). Resting metabolic rate (RMR) increased by 0.17 +/- 0.38 kJ/min and postprandial metabolic rate (PPMR) showed a similar increase (0.17 +/- 0.45 kJ/min). Thus, the thermic effect of the meal (PPMR minus RMR) was not affected by lactation. Between subjects, the(More)
Treatment of casein with formaldehyde changes its tertiary structure and decreases its hypercholesterolemic properties in rabbits. To investigate whether formaldehyde-treated casein exerts this hypocholesterolemic effect in the same manner as soybean protein, rabbits were fed high or low cholesterol diets containing soybean protein, casein,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether work efficiency improves during pregnancy. DESIGN Longitudinal; energy expenditure measurements (ventilated hood system) before the onset of pregnancy and in weeks 13, 24 and 35 of gestation. SUBJECTS Healthy Dutch women (n = 26), recruited with advertisements in local newspapers and posters displayed in public(More)
The effects of cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) and the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) on gap junction structure, quantity and function were investigated. Gap junction morphology was studied in rotary-shadowed freeze-fracture replicas of primary chick embryo hepatocytes. CSC (24 micrograms/ml) induced a strong decrease of gap(More)
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