C. J. Preston

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There is considerable public and scientific debate for and against genetically modified (GM) crops. One of the first GM crops, Brassica napus (oilseed rape or canola) is now widely grown in North America, with proposed commercial release into Australia and Europe. Among concerns of opponents to these crops are claims that pollen movement will cause(More)
The herbicide glyphosate became widely used in the United States and other parts of the world after the commercialization of glyphosate-resistant crops. These crops have constitutive overexpression of a glyphosate-insensitive form of the herbicide target site gene, 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS). Increased use of glyphosate over(More)
The frequency of hybridisation between Brassica napus L. and Raphanus raphanistrum L. under agronomic conditions was assessed in field experiments, where R. raphanistrum were randomly planted at two different densities into large plots of B. napus. An acetolacate synthase (ALS)-inhibiting herbicide-resistant trait was used to detect potential hybrid(More)
Since the beginning of agriculture, crops have been exposed to recurrent invasion by weeds that can impose severe reductions in crop quality and yield. There have been continuing efforts to reduce the impacts of weeds on production. More than 40 yr ago, overreliance on herbicide technology to reduce weed infestations resulted in the selection of adaptive(More)
30 patients with disorders of calcium metabolism were treated with dichloromethylene diphosphonate (C1(2)MDP, or clodronate disodium), an inhibitor of bone resorption. 13 patients with Paget's disease of bone were given C1(2)MDP by mouth (1.6 g/day). Serum-alkaline-phosphatase and urinary hydroxyproline fell to normal or near-normal within 3-7 months, and(More)
Resistance to the non-selective herbicide, glyphosate, has evolved recently in several populations of Lolium rigidum (Gaud.). Based upon the observed pattern of inheritance, glyphosate resistant and susceptible populations are most probably homozygous for glyphosate resistance and susceptibility, respectively. When these populations were crossed and the F1(More)
Dichloromethylene diphosphonate (Cl2MDP, or clodronate disodium) is one of the most potent of the known diphosphonates as an inhibitor of bone resorption and differs from EHDP in that it does not inhibit skeletal mineralization. It is one of the second generation diphosphonates now undergoing clinical evaluation. In the study described here Cl2MDP was given(More)
The effects of the diphosphonates etidronate and clodronate were studied in 144 patients with Paget's disease. All five programmes of treatment tested induced a similar suppression of disease activity as judged by serum alkaline phosphatase concentrations, but the proportion of patients responding and the duration of responses differed significantly between(More)
Evolved glyphosate resistance in weedy species represents a challenge for the continued success and utility of glyphosate-resistant crops. Glyphosate functions by inhibiting the plant enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS). The resistance mechanism was determined in a population of glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth from Georgia(More)