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Using a two-bottle choice paradigm, adult C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mice (11 males an 10 females per strain) were given access to tapwater and an ascending series of concentrations of ethanol, nicotine, amphetamine, and th artificial sweetener, aspartame. The C57 mice consumed more ethanol, nicotine, and amphetamine, and showed greater preferences for these(More)
A new, automated system for administering quantified doses of cigarette smoke to human subjects is described and results of two studies demonstrating the reliability and validity of the system are presented. To overcome the large variability in nicotine and tar delivery associated with previous means of controlling smoke delivery, an automated quantified(More)
There is strong evidence supporting the deleterious effects of aging on learning and memory and behavioral parameters in normal mice. However, little is known about the Ames dwarf mouse, which has a Prop-1 gene mutation resulting in deficiencies in growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and prolactin. These mice are much smaller and live significantly(More)
The effects of smoking normal-nicotine-delivery cigarettes on serum cortisol, plasma beta-endorphin (BE), and mood were measured in 8 male and 8 female smokers; 8 male and 8 female nonsmokers served as sham-smoking controls. Smoking five cigarettes of the smokers' usual type after overnight deprivation, either ad lib or via a quantified smoke delivery(More)
The effects of smoking a cigarette or wearing a transdermal nicotine patch on mood and lexical decision-making were tested in eight smokers. Each participant was tested after 4 hours of smoking abstinence, under 4 conditions: placebo (very low nicotine) cigarette, nicotine cigarette, placebo patch, and nicotine patch. Relative to placebo, wearing the(More)
Among homeothermic animals, larger species generally have lower metabolic rates and live longer than do smaller species. Because Ames dwarf mice (dwarfs) live approximately 1 year longer than their larger normal sex- and age-matched siblings (normals), we hypothesized that they would have lower body core temperature (Tco). We, therefore, measured Tco of six(More)
Changes in task-related mood and physiology associated with 31 days of smoking abstinence were assessed in smokers, 34 of whom were randomly assigned to a quit group and 22 to a continuing-to-smoke control group. A large financial incentive for smoking abstinence resulted in very low participant attrition. Individuals were tested during prequit baselines(More)
In the first experiment a conditioned taste aversion paradigm was used to characterize a dose-response curve for the aversive properties of nicotine in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Doses of nicotine ranging from 0.01 to 0.46 mg/kg, 2.0 ml of 0.47 M lithium chloride, or saline were injected, ip, 10 min after exposure to a novel saccharin solution. Amount of(More)
Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were tested for wheelrunning in conjunction with chronic (continuous) or subchronic (alternate day) oral caffeine administration. As expected, chronic administration led to complete tolerance to caffeine's locomotor stimulant effect, while subchronic administration produced sensitization. Results confirm earlier reports(More)