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BACKGROUND The proportion of women infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) varies greatly across populations, as might the distribution of HPV types. We aimed to compare HPV-type distribution in representative samples of women from different world regions. METHODS Women were randomly selected from the general population of 13 areas from 11 countries(More)
The causal role of human papillomavirus infections in cervical cancer has been documented beyond reasonable doubt. The association is present in virtually all cervical cancer cases worldwide. It is the right time for medical societies and public health regulators to consider this evidence and to define its preventive and clinical implications. A(More)
BACKGROUND High parity has long been suspected of being associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer, but previous analyses of this association have not taken the strong effect of human papillomavirus (HPV) into account. To assess the role of reproductive factors in the progression from HPV infection to cancer, we did a pooled analysis including(More)
We have generated rat and murine monoclonal antibodies against multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), a M,. 180,000-195,000 membrane glycoprotein involved in a non-P-glycoprotein multidrug re sistance of human tumor cells. The antibodies were raised against two different segments of MRP and found to be suitable for protein blot analyses,(More)
To investigate the prevalence of and the risk factors for cervical infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) in an inner-city area of Ibadan, Nigeria, we interviewed and obtained a sample of cervical cells from 932 sexually active women aged 15 years or older. A total of 32 different HPV types were identified with an HPV prevalence of 26.3% overall and(More)
The role of glutathione (GSH) in resistance to cisplatin (CDDP) was studied in a human small cell lung carcinoma cell line (GLC4) and a CDDP-resistant subline (GLC4-CDDP). In addition to studying the steady state of GSH, the kinetics of this defence system were also studied via the monitoring of the GSH status of the cells under continuous pressure of CDDP.(More)
A A/,.110,000 protein (pllO) is overexpressed in P-glycoprotein-negative multidrug-resistant tumor cell lines of different histogenetic origins. These cell lines show an ATP-dependent drug accumulation defect, suggesting the presence of drug transporter molecules different from P-glycoprotein. Immunohistochemical staining with a pllO-specific monoclonal(More)
To investigate the prevalence of, and the risk factors for, cervical infection with 44 types of human papillomavirus (HPV) in a rural area in the Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India, we interviewed and obtained cervical cell samples from 1891 married women aged 16-59 years. HPV prevalence was 16.9% overall and 14.0% among women without cervical(More)
BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus (HPV), the causal agent of cervical cancer, appears to be involved in the etiology of cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx. To investigate these associations, we conducted a multicenter case-control study of cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx in nine countries. METHODS We recruited 1670 case patients (1415 with(More)
An inverse relationship between age and human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence has been reported in many developed countries, but information on this relationship is scarce in many other parts of the world. We carried out a cross-sectional study of sexually active women from the general population of 15 areas in 4 continents. Similar standardised protocols(More)