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6,7-Dinitro-quinoxaline-2,3-dion (DNQX) and 6-nitro,7-cyano-quinoxaline-2,3-dion (CNQX) produce an unsurmountable antagonism of responses to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) in the baby rat hemisected spinal cord. These effects of DNQX and CNQX can be prevented in a dose-dependent manner by co-superfusion with D-serine or glycine (in the presence of strychnine).(More)
The antagonist profile of kynurenate and FG9041 have been characterised in a modified preparation of the baby rat hemisected spinal cord. Both kynurenate and FG9041 were competitive antagonists of responses to kainate and AMPA, although neither antagonist was selective for kainate versus AMPA. In contrast, both antagonists produced an apparent(More)
1. The 5-HT4 receptor antagonist, GR113808, has been radiolabelled to a high specific activity with tritium. 2. Characterization of specific [3H]-GR113808 binding in homogenates of guinea-pig striatum and hippocampus revealed a single site of high affinity (Kd values 0.20 and 0.13 nM respectively). 3. [3H]-GR113808 binding was reversible and displayed rapid(More)
Kynurenate produces an unsurmountable antagonism of the response to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) in the baby rat hemisected spinal cord. This effect is completely reversible and prevented by co-superfusion with D-serine or glycine in the presence of strychnine. In the presence of D-serine kynurenate acts as a weak competitive antagonist. The results suggest(More)
The immune response of males and females is not identical but instead has been shown to be dimorphic in its nature, with females generally demonstrating a greater overall response than males. This dimorphism extends to both the humoral and cell mediated systems and appears to be mechanistically based on the differences in type and concentration of sex(More)
Epidemiological studies have linked electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure to certain forms of cancer, however only limited laboratory evidence supports a connection between EMF and biological effects. In the present study we exposed male and female rats to low level, 1000 milli-Gauss (mGs), direct current EMF generated with Helmholtz coils for 1 mo or 4 mo.(More)
A tritiated specific and highly potent 5-HT4 antagonist: [3H]-GR113808 was used to label specific binding sites in human brain and for comparison in guinea-pig brain. [3H]-GR113808 association and dissociation were rapid, the binding was saturable and displaced by various serotoninergic agents with an affinity corresponding to their previously reported(More)
Castration in the male rat has been shown to produce enlargement of the thymus gland while treatment with dihydrotestosterone (DHT) results in a decrease in thymic size in these animals. To determine if these changes might be receptor mediated, thymus tissue from castrate male rats was removed and homogenized in buffer and centrifuged to produce cytosol. By(More)
In the neonatal rat spinal cord, 6,7-dichloro-3-hydroxy-2- quinoxalinecarboxylate antagonised responses mediated at both N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA receptors. The antagonism of responses to NMDA was unsurmountable and mediated via an antagonist action at the allosterically-linked strychnine-insensitive glycine site. At non-NMDA receptors,(More)