C. J. Gerrits

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PURPOSE Topotecan is a specific inhibitor of topoisomerase I. Recently bioavailability of an oral formulation of approximately 30% with limited variability was reported. We conducted a phase I and pharmacokinetic study of the oral formulation of topotecan to characterize the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), toxicities, pharmacokinetics, and antitumor effects(More)
BACKGROUND A phase III study was started to compare oxaliplatin/5FU/LV in the first-line with bolus FU/LV in metastatic colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS 302 patients were randomised and received bolus 5-FU 425 mg/m(2) day 1-5, FA 20 mg/m(2) day 1-5, q 4 wk or oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2), 2 h-infusion, FA 200 mg/m(2), 1-h infusion. 5-FU 2600 mg/m(2),(More)
Topoisomerase I inhibitors constitute a new class of anti-cancer agents. Recently, topotecan and irinotecan were registered for clinical use in ovarian cancer and colorectal cancer respectively. Cytotoxicity of topoisomerase I inhibitors is S-phase specific, and in vitro and in vivo studies have suggested that, for efficacy, prolonged exposure might be more(More)
Prolonged exposure to topotecan (TPT) in in vitro experiments and in vivo studies in animals yielded the highest antitumor efficacy. An oral bioavailability of TPT of 32-44% enables convenient prolonged administration. Because of unpredictable diarrhea in the third week of the twice daily (b.i.d.) 21-day schedule of p.o. administered TPT and the finding of(More)
Prolonged exposure to topotecan in in vitro and in vivo experiments has yielded the highest antitumor efficacy. An oral formulation of topotecan with a bioavailability of 32-44% in humans enables convenient prolonged administration. Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationships from four Phase I studies with different schedules of administration of oral(More)
Topotecan is a specific inhibitor to topoisomerase I. An oral formulation of topotecan is available with a bioavailability of 32-44% in humans. A phase I and pharmacological study of the oral formulation of topotecan administered daily for 5 days every 21 days was performed in adult patients with solid tumours to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD).(More)
Topoisomerase I inhibitors are interesting anti-cancer agents with a novel mechanism of action. We performed a phase I study with intravenous GI147211, a new semisynthetic camptothecin analogue, using a daily x 5 schedule administered every 3 weeks, to evaluate the side-effects and pharmacokinetics of the agent. Patients with a histologically confirmed(More)
PURPOSE Topotecan is a specific inhibitor of topoisomerase I. Preclinical data have indicated that topoisomerase I inhibitors demonstrate more efficacy and have a greater therapeutic index with prolonged continuous exposure. The feasibility of this concept in humans using a 21-day continuous infusion of topotecan has been reported. We conducted a phase II(More)
Topoisomerase I inhibitors are new compounds of interest for cancer chemotherapy. We performed a study with GI147211, a new semisynthetic camptothecin analogue, to determine the absolute bioavailability of the drug given orally. Patients with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of a solid tumour refractory to standard forms of therapy were eligible for the(More)
The choice of treatment of malignant lymphoma may vary considerably and is mainly determined by the pathology and clinical stage. Ultrasonography is currently one of the most sensitive techniques for evaluation of the cervical area. We set out to assess the value of ultrasound imaging when added to conventional staging (physical examination, laryngoscopy,(More)