C J Dragland

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The optimization of a series of anilide derivatives of (R)-3,3, 3-trifluoro-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropionic acid as inhibitors of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDHK) is described that started from N-phenyl-3,3,3-trifluoro-2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanamide 1 (IC(50) = 35 +/- 1.4 microM). It was found that small electron-withdrawing groups on the ortho position of(More)
N'-methyl-N-(4-tert-butyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine)thiourea, SDZ048-619 (1), is a modest inhibitor (IC(50) = 180 microM) of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDHK). In an optimization of the N-methylcarbothioamide moiety of 1, it was discovered that amides with a small acyl group, in particular appropriately substituted amides of(More)
The cDNA encoding rat liver carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT-II) was heterologously expressed using a recombinant baculovirus/insect cell system. Unlike Escherichia coli, the baculovirus-infected insect cells expressed mostly soluble active recombinant CPT-II (rCPT-II). CPT activity from crude lysates of recombinant baculovirus-infected insect cells(More)
Km estimates for carnitine and palmitoyl-CoA of heterologously expressed rat liver carnitine palmitoyl-transferase-II (rCPT-II) were 950 +/- 27 microM and 34 +/- 6 microM, respectively. Vmax for the enzyme was 1.8 mumol/min/mg purified protein. Consistent with an ordered reaction mechanism in which palmitoyl-CoA binds first, SDZ CPI 975, a reversible(More)
The activity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex (PDC), which catalyses the oxidation of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA within the mitochondrion, is diminished in animal models of diabetes. Studies with purified PDC components have suggested that the kinases responsible for inactivating the decarboxylase catalytic subunits of the complex are most(More)
The mechanism of action of structurally distinct pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) inhibitors was examined in assays with experimental contexts ranging from an intact pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) with and without supplemental ATP or ADP to a synthetic peptide substrate to PDK autophosphorylation. Some compounds directly inhibited the catalytic(More)
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