C J Clayton

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The principle of rate-dependency has been proposed to explain the therapeutic effects of stimulant drugs in hyperactive children (HAC). This paper is a critical discussion of the salience of rate-dependency to childhood hyperactivity, on mathematical, theoretical and clinical levels. The results of a stimulant drug trial in 55 HAC are presented; the data(More)
Evidence suggests that ethanol self-administration is directly related to central norepinephrine (NE) activity and inversely related to central serotonin (5-HT) activity. Normal male volunteers participated in a placebo controlled crossover design to assess the effects of 1-tyrosine (TY) and 1-tryptophan (TP) (precursors of catecholamines and 5-HT,(More)
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) has been shown to antagonize the depressant effects of ethanol in animals, but conflicting findings have been reported in humans. To test whether TRH counteracts any of a variety of ethanol-sensitive behavioral measures in normal human subjects and for an effect of ethanol on TRH-induced thyrotropin (TSH) and prolactin(More)
The development of pituitary adenomas in female C57BL/6J mice was studied over the lifespan. Mammotrophs and somatotrophs, identified by immunocytochemical staining, appeared normal in 3-4 month old animals, with the exception of an occasional hypertrophic mammotroph and, in one gland, a nest of such cells. At 15 months, hypertrophic mammotrophs,(More)
Immunocytochemical staining of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH), somatostatin, and neurophysin was compared in rat brains fixed with 1) formalin, 2) Bouin's solution, 3) freeze-dried (FD), or 4) freeze-dried + paraformaldehyde vapor perfused (FDV). The distribution of LHRH fibers was similar in all preparations; however, beads of granular(More)
An antiserum which has previously been thought to be specific for LHRH-like immunoreactive material was shown to contain two populations of antibodies, one demonstrating anti-LHRH activity and the other anti-ACTH(1-24) activity. In rat and mouse, ACTH(1-24)-like immunoreactive substance is present in perikarya within the basal hypothalamus and in fibers in(More)
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