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Not only is Asia the most populous region in the world, but inappropriate therapy, including self-medication with over-the-counter antimicrobial agents, is a common response to infectious diseases. The high antibiotic selective pressure among the overcrowded inhabitants creates an environment that is suitable for the rapid development and efficient spread(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma is now known to be an inflammatory response caused by the release of inflammatory mediators and cytokines. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) is a potent cytokine in the inflammation response of the airway, and the polymorphisms of TNF genes have been associated with asthma. OBJECTIVE This study investigated two variants, TNF-alpha-308*2 and(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the most frequently used criteria to define treatment success in implant dentistry. An electronic MEDLINE/PubMED search was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials and prospective studies reporting on outcomes of implant dentistry. Only studies conducted with roughened surface implants and at least(More)
From August 2004 to July 2005, 210 clinical methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates were collected prospectively from 173 children admitted to Chang Gung Children's Hospital in Taiwan. A comparative molecular analysis of the 111 community-associated (CA) isolates from 102 children and the 99 healthcare-associated (HA) isolates from 71(More)
OBJECTIVES The effect of shockwave in osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the regeneration effects of shockwave in ONFH. METHODS This study consisted of 14 femoral heads from 14 patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty for ONFH. Seven patients with seven hips who received shockwave(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS To investigate the temporal relationship between sequence variation in the enhancer II (EnhII), basal core promoter (BCP), and precore regions of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we conducted a nested case-control study within a cohort of 4841 male HBV carriers who were recruited during the period(More)
This nested case-control study evaluated the role of polymorphisms in the myeloperoxidase (MPO) and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) genes that modulate oxidative stress in breast cancer risk in a Chinese population. Our results demonstrate that the MPO A/A genotype was associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer (odds ratio (OR) 0.64; 95% confidence(More)
Among 104 cases of squamous-cell oesophageal carcinoma patients and 277 controls in Taiwan, after adjusting for cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and other confounders, we found that subjects who chewed from 1 to 495 betel-year and more than 495 betel-years (about 20 betel quid per day for 20 years) had 3.6-fold (95% Cl = 1.3-10.1) and 9.2-fold risk(More)
BACKGROUND We examined cervical cancer incidence before and after nationwide cervical cancer screening was initiated in Taiwan in mid-1995. RESULTS The invasive cancer incidence decreased by 47.8% during 1995-2006. The carcinoma in situ incidence increased 1.7-fold during 1995-2000, and decreased by 19.6% during 2000-2006. CONCLUSION The Taiwan national(More)
CEACAM1 (carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1) is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein expressed in epithelial cells with three or four extracellular domains (ECDs) and either long or short cytoplasmic domain isoforms. We have previously shown that the four extracellular domains, short cytoplasmic domain isoform, CEACAM1-4S, plays an(More)