C. I. Chang

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A new plating medium, shrimp blood agar, was developed by using the haemolymph of shrimp plus 200 ppm rose bengal as the substrate. The colorless shrimp haemocytes were dyed by rose bengal to red. On the present agar, the hemolytic bacteria strain may show a clear zone surrounding the bacterial colony. The result on hemolysis of 45 bacteria representing 12(More)
OBJECTIVES Vocal fold mucosal wave movements are thought to be important in determining voice characteristics and quality. To see these movements, high-speed cinematography and videostroboscopy have been used clinically; however, these techniques have disadvantages that make them impractical for quantitative measurement of mucosal wave movements. This study(More)
To develop a noninvasive, early-detection method for skin cancers, a feasibility study of multispectral image analysis was investigated. The three most frequently occurring skin cancer types, ten basal-cell carcinomas (BCCs), ten squamous-cell carcinomas (SCCs) and five malignant melanomas (MMs) were studied, along with ten normal moles. Images were(More)
A newly developed prawn blood agar consisting of 1 ml of tiger prawn hemolymph in medium containing 200 ppm Rose Bengal was used to determine the hemolytic activity of 35 isolates of bacteria obtained from cultured tiger prawns Penaeus monodon and their rearing water. For comparison, the hemolytic activity of these isolates was also determined in sheep(More)
Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) has been widely used as a performance evaluation tool to measure effectiveness of medical modalities. It is derived from a standard detection theory with false alarm and detection power interpreted as false positive (FP) and true positive (TP) respectively in terms of medical diagnosis. The ROC curve is plotted based(More)
Automatic recognition of facial expressions has received considerable interest in the computer vision. This paper presents a key frame selection-based system for recognition of four basic facial expressions: happiness, anger, sadness and surprise, in image sequences. The proposed new approach is designed for recognition of facial expressions via a key frame(More)
This paper presents a new application of independent component analysis (ICA) in magnetic resonance (MR) image analysis. One of most successful applications for ICA-based approaches in MR imaging is functional MRI (fMRI) which basically deals with one-dimensional temporal signals. The ICA approach proposed in this paper is rather different and considers a(More)
In this paper, we present a selective and differential medium, termed Vibrio alginolyticus (VAL) agar, developed for the isolation and identification of V. alginolyticus. The presence of bile salts, high salinity and high incubation temperature allows the selective growth of moderately halophilic Vibrio species. Differentiation of bacteria is achieved by(More)
A selective and differential medium termed 'LG agar' was developed for the isolation and presumptive identification of Lactococcus garvieae that results in black colonies with red halos. In this study, all 14 strains of L. garvieae and only 9 of the 148 strains representing 38 other species were able to grow on the LG agar. The nine viable strains on LG(More)
Neural scientists have long been eager to find the subcortical pathways between different parts of cortex in human brain. By far, Diffusion Weighted-Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DW-MRI) is the only noninvasive technique to achieve this task in vivo. It applies a bipolar gradient to reveal diffusion of water molecules. With the assumption that the directions(More)
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