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Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) has been widely used as a performance evaluation tool to measure effectiveness of medical modalities. It is derived from a standard detection theory with false alarm and detection power interpreted as false positive (FP) and true positive (TP) respectively in terms of medical diagnosis. The ROC curve is plotted based… (More)
Automatic recognition of facial expressions has received considerable interest in the computer vision. This paper presents a key frame selection-based system for recognition of four basic facial expressions: happiness, anger, sadness and surprise, in image sequences. The proposed new approach is designed for recognition of facial expressions via a key frame… (More)
This paper presents a new application of independent component analysis (ICA) in magnetic resonance (MR) image analysis. One of most successful applications for ICA-based approaches in MR imaging is functional MRI (fMRI) which basically deals with one-dimensional temporal signals. The ICA approach proposed in this paper is rather different and considers a… (More)
Two new oleanane-type triterpenes, (23Z)-feruloylhederagenin (1) and (23E)-feruloylhederagenin (2), together with two known oleanane-type triterpenes, beta-amyrin acetate and beta-amyrin palmitate, have been isolated from the whole plant of Ludwigia octovalvis. The structures of 1 and 2 were characterised on the basis of spectral evidence.
Two new naphthoquinones, 2-ethoxy-8'-hydroxyisodiospyrin (1) and 3-ethoxy-8'-hydroxyisodiospyrin (2), together with two known naphthoquinones, 6-hydroxy-5-methoxy-2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and bisisodiospyrin were isolated from the stems of Diospyros maritima. The structures of 1 and 2 were established on the basis of spectroscopic data.
Neural scientists have long been eager to find the subcortical pathways between different parts of cortex in human brain. By far, Diffusion Weighted-Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DW-MRI) is the only noninvasive technique to achieve this task in vivo. It applies a bipolar gradient to reveal diffusion of water molecules. With the assumption that the directions… (More)