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Vitamin D, with parathyroid hormone and calcitonin, is an essential factor in the homeostatic regulation of systemic calcium in most vertebrate species. Targets for this aspect of vitamin D action, through its biologically active metabolites, are primarily the intestine, kidney and bone. Each of these tissues or organs are stimulated by 1,25(OH)2D3 to(More)
Endotoxin tolerance (ET) is a reduced responsiveness of innate immune cells like macrophages/monocytes to an endotoxin challenge following a previous encounter with the endotoxin. Although ET in peripheral systems has been well studied, little is known about ET in the brain. The present study showed that brain immune cells, microglia, being different from(More)
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