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Three cDNAs ( MdSPDS1, 2a and2b) encoding spermidine synthase (SPDS), a key enzyme in the polyamine biosynthesis, have been cloned from apple [ Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. var. domestica (Borkh.) Mansf.]. The deduced amino acid sequences of their protein products share 76–83% identity with SPDSs of other higher plants. A comparison of the sequences of the(More)
Chromosome 1q21-q24 has been shown to be linked to type 2 diabetes. The International Type 2 Diabetes 1q Consortium showed that one of the nominal associations was located in the NOS1AP gene. Although this association was not replicated in additional samples of European descent, it remains unknown whether NOS1AP plays a role in Chinese individuals. In stage(More)
FTO harbours the strongest known obesity-susceptibility locus in Europeans. While there is growing evidence for a role for FTO in obesity risk in Asians, its association with type 2 diabetes, independently of BMI, remains inconsistent. To test whether there is an association of the FTO locus with obesity and type 2 diabetes, we conducted a meta-analysis of(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in G6PC2 have been reported to be associated with fasting plasma glucose level in several populations of European descent. However, whether G6PC2 variants have a similar effect in other ethnic groups is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of common variants of G6PC2 on type 2 diabetes and(More)
Most genetic variants identified for type 2 diabetes have been discovered in European populations. We performed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in a Chinese population with the aim of identifying novel variants for type 2 diabetes in Asians. We performed a meta-analysis of three GWAS comprising 684 patients with type 2 diabetes and 955 controls of(More)
A total of 96 barrows (48 pure-bred Bama mini-pigs representing fatty genotype, and 48 Landrace pigs representing lean genotype) were randomly assigned to either a low- or adequate-protein treatment diet. The experimental period commenced at 5 weeks of age and extended to the finishing period. After euthanasia, blood and skeletal muscle samples were(More)
There is evidence of overlap between susceptibility loci for type 2 diabetes and obesity. The aim of this study is to explore the association between the established type 2 diabetes locus KCNQ1 and obesity in Han Chinese. We recruited 6,667 and 6,606 diabetic case–control samples from Shanghai and Hong Kong, respectively. Of the samples, 7.5% and 6.3% were(More)
A growing elderly population is expected worldwide, and the burden of hip fractures on health care system will continue to increase. By 2035, there will be a 2.7-fold increase in the number of hip fractures in Taiwan. The study provides quantitative basis for the future distribution of medical resources. Hip fractures have long been recognized as a major(More)
In order to avoid interference from nuclear copies of mitochondrial DNA (numts), mtDNA of the white Roman goose (domestic goose) was extracted from liver mitochondria. The mtDNA control region was amplified using a long PCR strategy and then sequenced. Neighbor-joining, maximum parsimony, and maximum-likelihood approaches were implemented using the 1,177 bp(More)
Recent genome-wide association studies in East Asian populations reported that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in KCNQ1 are associated with type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to validate this finding in a Chinese population. We genotyped four SNPs, rs2074196, rs2237892, rs2237895 and rs2237897, in a group of 3,503 Shanghai Chinese(More)