C. Hillemeier

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The tight-seal whole cell recording technique with patch pipettes was used to study membrane currents of smooth muscle cells freshly dissociated from the esophagus of cats. Under voltage clamp with K+ in the pipette, depolarizing commands elicited an initial inward current followed by a transient outward current that peaked and then declined to reveal(More)
Lower esophageal sphincter (LES) basal tone and contraction in response to maximally effective doses (Emax) of acetylcholine (ACh) may be mediated by different intracellular transduction pathways. In the basal state resting tone, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] formation and levels of diacylglycerol (DAG) (C. Hillemeier, K. N. Bitar, and P.(More)
The intracellular pathways responsible for maintenance of tone in the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) are not well understood. We show that the protein kinase C (PKC) antagonists (1-(5-isoquinolinesulphonyl)-2-methylpiperazine dihydrochloride) and calphostin C reduce spontaneous resting tone in LES muscle strips, whereas the calmodulin antagonist(More)
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) during infancy is a disorder of unknown etiology which may be associated with abnormalities of upper gastrointestinal motor function. Bethanechol, a muscarinic agonist, and metoclopramide, a dopamine antagonist, have been utilized as pharmacologic agents in an attempt to improve upper gastrointestinal motility in this disorder.(More)
Single cells and whole tissue specimens were used in this study to determine sources of Ca2+ utilized for contraction of the circular muscle layer of esophagus and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) of the cat. In vitro circular muscle specimens from the cat esophagus respond to electrical stimulation with phasic contractions at the end of the stimulus,(More)
The association of difficulty in swallowing and an aberrant right subclavian artery is termed dysphagia lusorum. Dysphagia lusorum has been reported not to occur in children. We describe four children who had difficulty swallowing and aberrant right subclavian arteries. Esophageal manometry showed high pulsatile pressure in the area of the aberrant right(More)
We have examined the role of protein kinase C (PKC)-beta II and its functional relationship to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] and intracellular Ca2+ in the contraction of smooth muscle cells from the rabbit internal and sphincter (IAS). PKC-beta (0.1-100 U/ml) and Ins(1,4,5)P3 (10(-9) to 10(-6) M) caused concentration-dependent contraction of(More)