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Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a pain state characterized by intermittent unilateral pain attacks in one or several facial areas innervated by the trigeminal nerve. The somatosensory cortex is heavily involved in the perception of sensory features of pain, but it is also the primary target for thalamic input of nonpainful somatosensory information. Thus, pain(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency reversal of the international normalized ratio (INR) in patients who develop nontraumatic subdural hemorrhage (SDH) due to oral anticoagulants (OAC) represents a primary treatment strategy but it is difficult to predict the amount of prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) needed for reversal treatment. Moreover, repeated INR testings in(More)
A newly-born infant with a congenital dural and bony defect and an associated short-segmented duplication of the superior sagittal sinus suffered from herniation and infarction of parietal brain tissue secondary to vacuum extraction. This ultimately led to the formation of a subgaleal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collection. Initial operative closure of the(More)
Background: The association of mortality and poor outcome with reduced levels of hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit (Hct) in patients admitted for ischemic stroke was recently demonstrated. The mechanisms behind this have remained unclear. Aims: Here, we aimed to investigate a pu-tative association between low Hb and Hct levels and infarct growth. Methods: All(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Basilar artery occlusion remains one of the most devastating subtypes of ischemic stroke. The prognosis is poor if early recanalization is not achieved. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and technical feasibility of self-expanding retrievable stents in the endovascular treatment of acute basilar artery occlusion. (More)
BACKGROUND Perihemorrhagic pathophysiology of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH) remains unclear. Recently, ischemic changes in the perihemorrhagic zone (PHZ) have been discussed as a potential source of secondary damage. In this study, we focussed on diffusion and perfusion characteristics of experimental ICH. METHODS Experimental ICH was(More)
INTRODUCTION In the recent years numerous studies have been undertaken to study cerebral perfusion in the surrounding of intracerebral hemorrhage, addressing the question of whether there is a secondary ischemic damage. Most of these studies found a reduced perfusion adjacent to the hematoma. However, the meaning of these findings remains controversial. (More)
Chiari II-malformation is a complex congenital deformity of the brain which is frequently associated with hydrocephalus. Abnormalities of the corpus callosum are known to occur in the majority of patients. The objective of the present study was to study the microstructure of the corpus callosum (CC) and the anterior commissure (AC) to differentiate between(More)
We studied the trigeminal nerve in seven healthy volunteers and six patients with trigeminal neuralgia using the diffusion tensor imaging derived parameter fractional anisotropy (FA). While controls did not show a difference between both sides, there was a reduction of FA in the affected nerve in three of six patients with accompanying nerve-vessel conflict(More)
The accuracy of fiber tracking on the basis of diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI) is affected by many parameters. To increase accuracy of the tracking algorithm, we introduce DTI with a fourth-order tensor. Tensor elements comprise information obtained by high angular resolution diffusion imaging (HARDI). We further developed the flattened(More)