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PURPOSE To determine the features of the cardiac cycle-related cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow pulsations in with Chiari I malformation before and after decompressive surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifteen patients and 23 healthy subjects underwent cine phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging. Ten patients were also examined after decompressive surgery.(More)
Our purpose was to explore the utility of cine phase-contrast MRI velocity measurements in determining the functional status of third ventriculostomies, and to correlate the quantitative velocity data with clinical follow-up. We examined six patients with third ventriculostomies and 12 normal subjects by phase-contrast MRI. The maximum craniocaudal to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Elevated protein levels have been reported in perilymph of patients with vestibular schwannoma. Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) imaging is sensitive to high protein contents in fluids. The purpose of this study was to investigate if in patients with unilateral vestibular schwannoma, cochlear FLAIR signal intensity on the(More)
The treatment of malignant skull base tumors has improved with the development of skull base surgical approaches that allow en bloc resection of a lesion and increase the efficacy of adjuvant therapies. The anatomical complexity of these lesions and their surroundings has led to a relatively high complication rate. Infection and cerebrospinal fluid fistulas(More)
The fiberoptic endoscope has never gained popularity among neurosurgeons although it is ideally suited for navigating within the cerebral ventricles. Recent advances in optics and miniaturization make the application of endoscopy in neurosurgery more practical. The authors report eight children who underwent ventriculoscopic fenestration of symptomatic(More)
Cirsoid aneurysms of the scalp are notoriously difficult lesions to manage. The authors report a patient in whom a large traumatic cirsoid aneurysm of the scalp was eliminated using a combined neurosurgical and interventional neuroradiological approach. Transarterial embolization was utilized to reduce arterial blood supply to the fistula. Thrombogenic(More)
Endovascular balloon occlusion is an alternative treatment for surgically unclippable cerebral aneurysms. The results of aneurysm occlusion with either a silicone or a latex balloon in a common carotid artery bifurcation aneurysm model are compared to determine which type of balloon was least likely to result in aneurysm recurrence. Five rabbits each(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumocephalus is commonly encountered after neurosurgical procedures but can also be caused by craniofacial trauma and tumors of the skull base and rarely, can occur spontaneously. Contributing factors for the development of pneumocephalus include head position, duration of surgery, nitrous oxide (N(2)O) anesthesia, hydrocephalus, intraoperative(More)
One aneurysm of the basilar artery and three large, paraclinoid aneurysms of the internal carotid artery (ICA) were treated with the aid of intraoperative temporary balloon occlusion of the vessel. Optimal clip placement was confirmed using intraoperative angiography. This technique provided excellent proximal vascular control and for the large aneurysms of(More)
BACKGROUND In July 2009, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) incorporated postgraduate year 1 (PGY1 intern) level training into all U.S. neurosurgery residency programs. OBJECTIVE To provide a fundamentals curriculum for all incoming neurosurgery PGY1 residents in ACGME-accredited programs, including skills, knowledge, and(More)