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1. A quantitative 2-[14C]deoxy-D-glucose (2DG) autoradiographic study was undertaken to determine the functional (metabolic) organization of an individual column in the first somatosensory cortex (SI) of the awake restrained rat. Manual or mechanically controlled brush stroking of a single vibrissa (typically C3) was used in order to evoke neural activity(More)
OBJECTIVE The study’s purpose was to identify and synthesize research evidence regarding the effect of the environment on community participation of children with disabilities. METHODS A scoping review of peer-reviewed studies published from 1990 to 2011 was performed. Two independent reviewers selected studies based on a systematic procedure. Inclusion(More)
PURPOSE To explore associations between perceptions of neighbourhood built and social characteristics and satisfaction with community mobility in older adults with chronic health conditions. METHOD Two hundred and thirty-seven community-dwelling adults aged 60 years or more with one or more of arthritis (osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis), chronic(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the validity of the late life function and disability instrument (LLFDI) when applied to adults aged 44-65 years with chronic conditions. DESIGN We applied a convergent cross-sectional construct validity design to examine the association between the LLFDI subscales and the medical outcomes study (MOS) 36-Item Health Survey Physical(More)
OBJECTIVE We reviewed the evidence regarding the effectiveness of community occupational therapy interventions, delivered alone or within a multidisciplinary team, in improving occupational outcomes for adults with selected chronic diseases. METHOD We completed a scoping review of randomized controlled trials published from 1988 through 2008. Studies(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe older adults who are frequent users of primary care services and to explore associations between the number of primary care visits per year and multiple dimensions that define social isolation. DESIGN Mailed, cross-sectional survey. SETTING An urban academic primary care practice in Kingston, Ont. PARTICIPANTS Forty patients aged(More)
This study investigated the beliefs of small business employers regarding hiring individuals with mental illness. Fifty-eight participants completed mail-in questionnaires concerning beliefs and willingness to hire persons with mental illness. Employers were most concerned regarding the social and emotional skills of individuals with mental illness. Those(More)
We examined the relationships between perceptions of neighbourhood characteristics and satisfaction with participation in everyday activities among 248 older adults with chronic health conditions in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. We used a cross-sectional survey to collect data regarding neighbourhood characteristics, social support, social network size, and(More)
BACKGROUND To meet the needs of adults with chronic diseases, Canadian health care is moving toward more interdisciplinary, collaborative practice. There is limited high-quality evidence to support practice in this area. Occupational therapists can play a significant role in this area of practice and research. PURPOSE To develop an agenda of priority(More)