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Dowling-Degos disease (DDD) is an autosomal-dominant genodermatosis characterized by progressive and disfiguring reticulate hyperpigmentation. We previously identified loss-of-function mutations in KRT5 but were only able to detect pathogenic mutations in fewer than half of our subjects. To identify additional causes of DDD, we performed exome sequencing in(More)
Multifocality and recurrence of urothelial carcinoma may result from either the field effect of carcinogens leading to oligoclonal tumors or monoclonal tumor spread. Previous molecular studies, favoring the monoclonality hypothesis, are mostly limited to the urinary bladder. We investigated genetic alterations in a total of 94 synchronous or metachronous(More)
BACKGROUND Sentinel lymph node spread is a crucial factor in melanoma outcome. We aimed to define the impact of minimal cancer spread and of increasing numbers of disseminated cancer cells on melanoma-specific survival. METHODS AND FINDINGS We analyzed 1,834 sentinel nodes from 1,027 patients with ultrasound node-negative melanoma who underwent sentinel(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic therapy options for patients with advanced angiosarcomas are limited, and their prognosis is poor. The idea of angiostatic therapy following the paradigm of metronomic dosed chemotherapeutics combined with proapoptotic biomodulators had not been considered previously in these patients. Therefore, in a pilot study, the efficacy of(More)
BACKGROUND Kaposi sarcoma (KS) in patients who are seronegative and seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus is currently the most common malignant tumor in central Africa. It accounts for 50% of all tumors reported in central African countries. Owing to the rising number of patients and the limitations of current therapies, there is an urgent demand(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study is to evaluate the incidence of complications and the functional outcome after open reduction and internal fixation with the proximal humeral locking plate (Philos). DESIGN Prospective case series. SETTING Multicenter study in 8 trauma units (levels I, II, and III) with recruitment between September 12, 2002, and(More)
BACKGROUND Activating mutations in the PIK3CA gene have been identified in a variety of human malignancies and are commonly detected in hotspot codons located in the helical and kinase domains in exons 9 and 20. Existing methodologies for the detection of PIK3CA mutations are time-consuming and/or expensive. In the present study we describe the first(More)
Multifocal occurrence and frequent recurrence are characteristic features of urothelial carcinomas of both the urinary bladder and the upper urinary tract. To describe the clonal nature of these tumors, 2 theories have been proposed. The monoclonality hypothesis describes the multiple tumors as descendants of a single genetically transformed cell spreading(More)
BACKGROUND Eph receptors and their ligands, the ephrins, represent a large class of cell-cell communication molecules with well-defined developmental functions. Their role in healthy adult tissues and in human disease is still largely unknown, although diverse roles in carcinogenesis have been postulated. METHODS We established a set of fluorescent PCR(More)
Epidermal nevi are common congenital skin lesions with an incidence of 1 in 1,000 people; however, their genetic basis remains elusive. Germline mutations of the FGF receptor 3 (FGFR3) cause autosomal dominant skeletal disorders such as achondroplasia and thanatophoric dysplasia, which can be associated with acanthosis nigricans of the skin. Acanthosis(More)