Learn More
We have established the cellular distribution of the dopamine D3 receptor using tritiated 7-hydroxy-N-N-di-n-propyl-2-aminotetralin and a complementary RNA probe to visualize autoradiographically the protein in binding studies and the gene transcripts by in situ hybridization, respectively. Studies with these two markers confirm the restricted expression of(More)
Dopamine receptor genes are under complex transcription control, determining their unique regional distribution in the brain. We describe here a zinc finger type transcription factor, designated dopamine receptor regulating factor (DRRF), which binds to GC and GT boxes in the D1A and D2 dopamine receptor promoters and effectively displaces Sp1 and Sp3 from(More)
The effects of interruption of dopaminergic transmission or sustained blockade of dopamine receptors by neuroleptics on the dopamine D3 receptor in the shell of the nucleus accumbens were investigated in rats. In this brain area the D3 receptor is abundant and may mediate antipsychotic drug effects. The D3 receptor density and mRNA abundance were evaluated(More)
5-Lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) is an 18-kDa integral membrane protein required, in peripheral cells, for the activation of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) and for the resulting synthesis of leukotrienes from arachidonic acid. In the brain, the leukotrienes have been implicated in several pathophysiological events and in the electrophysiological effect of(More)
Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system (HPA) function was tested in 24 patients with schizophrenia and compared to 24 age-matched healthy volunteers using the combined dexamethasone-suppression (DST/CRH) corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulation test (DST/CRH). After stimulation with CRH, the dexamethasone-pretreated patients released significantly more(More)
Major depression is associated with hypercorticoidism, a risk factor for osteoporosis. However, it is unknown whether depressive disorders are associated with alterations in bone mineral density. The authors measured the density of trabecular bone from the first to the third lumbar vertebra by quantitative computerized tomography in 80 depressed inpatients(More)
The potent neurotrophic factor glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is a distant member of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily of proteins. We report a transcription factor that is the first nuclear protein known to be induced by GDNF, thus designated murine GDNF inducible factor (mGIF). The cDNA was cloned in the course of(More)
There is only sparse and ambiguous information about circadian and pulsatile secretion features of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenocortical system in depression. We studied 15 severely depressed (Hamilton Depression Scale 30.4 +/- 6.7) male patients (age 22-72 yr; mean, 47.7 +/- 14.8) and 22 age-matched male controls (age 23-85 yr; mean, 53.1 +/- 18.2).(More)
In the present study the hypothesis was tested that in normal human aging an insensitivity of the glucocorticoid feedback signals is acquired. Thus, 40 healthy elderly (mean age: 69 +/- 5 years) and 20 younger (mean age: 34 +/- 8 years) individuals underwent a combined dexamethasone suppression/CRH-stimulation test. Cortisol secretion after dexamethasone(More)
The effect of amitriptyline upon hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal [HPA]-system-regulating neuropeptides (corticotropin-releasing hormone [CRH], vasopressin, somatostatin) was studied in a group of depressed elderly patients and controls. A first lumbar puncture was performed in 37 depressed in-patients. This was followed by a 6-week medication phase with(More)