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Mutant mice with a defined genetic defect in the beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2m) or the H2-I-A beta chain, which are virtually devoid of functional CD8 or CD4 alpha beta T cells, respectively, were employed for analyzing immune mechanisms involved in acquired resistance against Listeria monocytogenes. Although the lethal dose of L. monocytogenes was markedly(More)
Tuberculosis is a chronic infectious disease which causes major health problems globally. Acquired resistance is mediated by T lymphocytes and executed by activated macrophages. In vitro studies have emphasized the importance of macrophage activation for mycobacterial growth inhibition. In vivo, the protective host response is focused on granulomatous(More)
Knock-out mice with defined major histocompatibility complex (MHC) deficiencies were infected intravenously with Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette Guérin (M. bovis BCG) to assess the relative impact of MHC class I- and II-dependent immune responses. Heterozygous control mice were capable of controlling growth of M. bovis BCG, although infection(More)
Due to the dependency on aromatic precursors, the growth of Salmonella typhimurium aroA- is limited in immunocompetent mice. Here we show that H-21-A beta-/- mice (lacking MHC class II molecules and thus devoid of mature CD4+ TCR-alpha beta cells), TCR-beta-/- mice (devoid of TCR-alpha beta cells), and IFN-gamma R-/- mice (unresponsive to IFN-gamma) are(More)
Vaccination provides the most potent measure against infectious disease, and recombinant (r) viable vaccines expressing defined pathogen-derived antigens represent powerful candidates for future vaccination strategies. In a new approach we constructed r-aroA- Salmonella typhimurium displaying p60 or listeriolysin (Hly) antigen of Listeria monocytogenes in(More)
The generation of knock-out mice with targeted gene deletions has already proven its enormous value for our understanding of the antimicrobial immune response. Here, we describe studies with knock-out mice deficient in the TCR-beta gene, lacking alpha/beta T cells; in the TCR-delta gene, lacking gamma/delta T cells; in the beta 2m gene, lacking beta(More)
Infectious diseases caused by intracellular microbes are responsible for major health problems, and satisfactory control will ultimately depend on efficient vaccination strategies. The general assumption is that activation of protective immune responses against intracellular microbes dominated by CD8+ T cells are achieved only by live vaccines. In contrast,(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is an intracellular bacterium which causes an acute infectious disease in mice. Initial host resistance depends on innate immunity mediated primarily by natural killer (NK) cells followed by specific alpha/beta T cells, which are central to acquired specific immunity. Gamma/delta T lymphocytes seem to provide a link between the innate(More)
Mutant mice with defined T cell deficiencies were infected with Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG) and the relative contribution of alpha/beta T cells and gamma/delta T cells to the host immune response was assessed. Recombinase activating gene (RAG-1)-/- mutants as well as T cell receptor (TcR) beta-/-, but not TcR-delta-/-, mutants(More)
Tuberculosis is a chronic infectious disease which causes major health problems globally. Although acquired resistance crucially depends on alpha/beta lymphocytes, circumstantial evidence suggests that, in addition, gamma/delta T lymphocytes contribute to protection against tuberculosis. We have studied Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in TcR-delta-/-(More)