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A normal table of events of the first cleavage period in the fertilized egg (cf. Gerhart, 1980) has been completed (cf. Table I) by studying external and internal features. Through a cytological study of eggs fixed after video time-lapse observation such features can directly be correlated and it has been shown that the first postfertilization wave (PFW)(More)
The purpose of this study was to make an explicit test of the idea that a retinoid could act as a morphogen, differentially activating genes and specifying anteroposterior (a-p) level in the developing vertebrate central nervous system (CNS). Our approach was to characterize the concentration-dependent effects of retinoic acid (RA) on the neural expression(More)
Inductive cell interactions are essential in early embryonic development, but virtually nothing is known about the molecular mechanisms involved. Recently factors resembling fibroblast growth factor and transforming growth factor-beta were shown to be involved in mesoderm induction in Xenopus laevis, suggesting that membrane receptor-mediated signal(More)
Induction of mesoderm during early amphibian embryogenesis can be mimicked in vitro by adding growth factors, including heparin-binding and type-beta transforming growth factors (TGF-beta), to isolated ectoderm explants from Xenopus laevis embryos. Although the mesoderm-inducing factor (MIF) from X. laevis XTC cells (XTC-MIF) has properties similar to(More)
There is evidence suggesting that pHi elevation can induce differentiation to cement gland, an extremely anterior structure, during the early development of Xenopus laevis (Picard, J. J. (1975) J. Embryol. exp. Morphol. 33, 957-967; Sive, H. L., Hattori, K. and Weintraub, H. (1989) Cell 58, 171-180). We wanted to investigate whether axial development or(More)
We characterized a novel extracellular matrix element that is present in the earliest developmental stages of Xenopus laevis, and is recognized by an mAb 3D7. Based on amino acid composition, breakdown patterns by bacterial collagenases, and the molecular weights of the components of the antigen (240, 200, and 140 kD), we found it very similar to mammalian(More)
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