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OBJECTIVE To compare the relative efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in psychotic and nonpsychotic patients with unipolar major depression. METHODS The outcome of an acute ECT course in 253 patients with nonpsychotic (n = 176) and psychotic (n = 77) unipolar major depression was assessed in the first phase of an ongoing National Institute of(More)
Anesthetic techniques have evolved to improve the comfort and safety of modern electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). The authors review the literature and discuss the selection, preparation, and management from an anesthetic perspective. Specifically, the management of medications preprocedure and coexisting diseases is discussed. A review of induction agents,(More)
Primary depression can be associated with substantial hypercortisolism, thus prompting some researchers to suggest that depression shares pathophysiologic features with Cushing's disease. Clinically, depression can be difficult or impossible to distinguish from mild or early Cushing's disease that is associated with depressive features. The purpose of this(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scans were performed on 12 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and 12 healthy controls. Measurements of the area of the head of the caudate nucleus, cingulate gyrus thickness, intracaudate/frontal horn ratio, and area of the corpus callosum did not differ between the two groups. These limited data do not(More)
BACKGROUND Remission of illness in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) is achieved in less than half of patients initially treated with medication. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is another treatment option. We report the speed of response and remission rates in a cohort of depressed patients who received a course of acute-phase ECT in the(More)
OBJECTIVE This study assessed the incidence, severity, and course of expressed suicidal intent in depressed patients who were treated with ECT. The data are from the first phase of an ongoing, collaborative multicenter study, the overall aim of which was to compare continuation ECT with pharmacotherapy in the prevention of relapse after a successful course(More)
BACKGROUND Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been shown to be extremely effective for the acute treatment of major depression, it has never been systematically assessed as a strategy for relapse prevention. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the comparative efficacy of continuation ECT (C-ECT) and the combination of lithium carbonate plus nortriptyline(More)