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The completion of the Arabidopsis thaliana genome sequence allows a comparative analysis of transcriptional regulators across the three eukaryotic kingdoms. Arabidopsis dedicates over 5% of its genome to code for more than 1500 transcription factors, about 45% of which are from families specific to plants. Arabidopsis transcription factors that belong to(More)
CO2 chemoreception may be mediated by the modulation of certain ion channels in neurons. Kir4.1 and Kir5.1, two members of the inward rectifier K+ channel family, are expressed in several brain regions including the brainstem. To test the hypothesis that Kir4.1 and Kir5. 1 are modulated by CO2 and pH, we carried out experiments by expressing Kir4.1 and(More)
Reviewers The Publications Committee of the American Physiological Society gratefully acknowledges the services of the following reviewers who assisted the Editorial Board in the reviews of manuscripts. I would like to recommend that our library subscribe to the American Journal of Physiology–Cell Physiology. This is a journal published online and in print(More)
People with Rett syndrome (RTT) have breathing instability in addition to other neuropathological manifestations. The breathing disturbances contribute to the high incidence of unexplained death and abnormal brain development. However, the cellular mechanisms underlying the breathing abnormalities remain unclear. To test the hypothesis that the central(More)
Rett syndrome caused by mutations in methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (Mecp2) gene shows abnormalities in autonomic functions in which brain stem norepinephrinergic systems play an important role. Here we present systematic comparisons of intrinsic membrane properties of locus coeruleus (LC) neurons between Mecp2(-/Y) and wild-type (WT) mice. Whole cell current(More)
Observation of the diphoton decay mode of the recently discovered Higgs boson and measurement of some of its properties are reported. The analysis uses the entire dataset collected by the CMS experiment in proton-proton collisions during the 2011 and 2012 LHC running periods. The data samples correspond to integrated luminosities of 5.1 fb −1 at √ s = 7 TeV(More)
Ion channels play an important role in cellular functions, and specific cellular activity can be produced by gating them. One important gating mechanism is produced by intra- or extracellular ligands. Although the ligand-mediated channel gating is an important cellular process, the relationship between ligand binding and channel gating is not well(More)
The inward rectifier K(+) channels function in the regulation of myocardial rhythmicity, vascular tones, epithelial transport, and neuronal excitability. Most of these channels are gated by pH. It is now known that the gating process involves a large number of protein domains and amino acid residues in both N- and C-termini of the channel protein.(More)
CO2 chemoreception may be related to modulation of inward rectifier K+ channels (Kir channels) in brainstem neurons. Kir4.1 is expressed predominantly in the brainstem and inhibited during hypercapnia. Although the homomeric Kir4.1 only responds to severe intracellular acidification, coexpression of Kir4.1 with Kir5.1 greatly enhances channel sensitivities(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Brain arteriovenous fistulas (BAVFs) are dangerous lesions with significant risks for hemorrhage and re-hemorrhage; thus, the management of BAVFs is an important subject. Flow disconnection can be accomplished by surgical or endovascular techniques. We reviewed the experience in our endovascular treatment of patients with BAVFs. (More)