C H Hamnegård

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There is no nonvolitional method of assessing quadriceps strength which both supramaximally activates the muscle and is acceptable to subjects. In 10 normal subjects and 10 patients with suspected muscle weakness we used magnetic stimulation of the femoral nerve to elicit an isometric twitch and measured twitch tension (TwQ), surface electromyogram in(More)
The diaphragm is normally the main inspiratory muscle and diaphragm strength in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is therefore of interest. We assessed diaphragm strength in 20 patients with severe stable COPD (mean FEV1 0.61, mean thoracic gas volume [Vtg] 5.31) and seven normal control subjects, measuring both maximal sniff transdiaphragmatic(More)
Reduced diaphragm contractility has been described in normal subjects after whole body endurance exercise, and it indicates low frequency fatigue (LFF); it is unknown whether LFF is of clinical importance. We therefore studied the effect of treadmill exercise to exhaustion on diaphragm contractility in six patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary(More)
Abdominal muscles are the principal muscles of active expiration. To investigate the possibility of abdominal muscle low-frequency fatigue after maximal ventilation in humans, we stimulated the nerve roots supplying the abdominal muscles. We used a magnetic stimulator (Magstim 200) powering a 90-mm circular coil and studied six normal subjects. To assess(More)
Cervical magnetic stimulation is a new technique for stimulating the phrenic nerves, and may offer an alternative to percutaneous electrical stimulation for assessing diaphragmatic strength in normal subjects and patients in whom electrical stimulation is technically difficult or poorly tolerated. We compared cervical magnetic stimulation with conventional(More)
When highly motivated normal subjects perform maximal isocapnic ventilation, a substantial fall in ventilation is observed during the first minute associated with slowing of the maximum relaxation rate (MRR) of the inspiratory muscles. This suggests that these muscles are excessively loaded, raising the possibility that overt contractile failure of the(More)
The function of the diaphragm and other respiratory muscles during exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains controversial and few data exist regarding respiratory muscle pressure generation in this situation. The inspiratory pressure/time products of the oesophageal and transdiaphragmatic pressure, and the expiratory gastric(More)
We have compared a small portable mouth pressure meter (MPM) to our laboratory standard (LS) pressure recording equipment in order to evaluate this new device. The mouth pressure meter measures and displays as a digital read-out peak pressure for inspiratory and expiratory efforts. It samples the signal at 16 Hz, and an integral microprocessor is programmed(More)
Diaphragm strength can be assessed by measurement of transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi) in response to stimulation of the phrenic nerves. The length-tension relationship of the diaphragm can be studied by measuring twitch Pdi over the range of lung volume. Previous studies of the relationship between lung volume and diaphragm strength have used the technique(More)
When patients with COPD walk to a state of intolerable dyspnea, there is excessive inspiratory muscle loading, as evidenced by slowing of the maximum relaxation rate of the inspiratory muscles, measured from esophageal pressure during a sniff (Sn Pes MRR). In this setting, inspiratory pressure support (IPS) delivered via an orofacial mask increases walking(More)