C. H. Eisemann

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The peritrophic membrane is a semi-permeable chitinous matrix lining the gut of most insects and is thought to have important roles in the maintenance of insect gut structure, facilitation of digestion, and protection from invasion by microrganisms and parasites. Proteins are integral components of this matrix, although the structures and functions of these(More)
Many insects feed on blood or tissue from mammalian hosts. One potential strategy for the control of these insects is to vaccinate the host with antigens derived from the insect. The larvae of the fly Lucilia cuprina feed on ovine tissue and tissue fluids causing a cutaneous myiasis associated with considerable host morbidity and mortality. A candidate(More)
The peritrophic matrix is a prominent feature of the digestive tract of most insects, but its function, formation, and even its composition remain contentious. This matrix is a molecular sieve whose toughness and elasticity are generated by glycoproteins, proteoglycans, and chitin fibrils. We now describe a small, highly conserved protein, peritrophin-15,(More)
The gut of most insects is lined with a peritrophic matrix that facilitates the digestive process and protects insects from invasion by micro-organisms and parasites. It is widely accepted that the matrix is composed of chitin, proteins and proteoglycans. Here we critically re-examine the chitin content of the typical type 2 peritrophic matrix from the(More)
Attempts were made to immunize sheep against larvae of the sheep blowfly Lucilia cuprina using supernatant and pellet prepared by centrifuging (100,000 g max) homogenates from whole second instar larvae of L. cuprina or their excised guts. Injection of supernatant from whole larvae and from two fractions of this supernatant, prepared by ammonium sulphate(More)
The midgut of most insects is lined with a peritrophic matrix, which is thought to facilitate digestion and protect the midgut digestive epithelial cells from abrasive damage and invasion by ingested micro-organisms. The type 2 peritrophic matrix is synthesised by a complex and highly specialised organ called the cardia typically located at the junction of(More)
Vaccination of sheep with a partially purified extract of Lucilia cuprina larvae in some cases resulted in marked reduction of growth in larvae which fed on the sheep. Twelve adjuvants were assessed, in vitro and in vivo, to determine which induced the largest inhibitory effect on larval growth. The Freund's complete adjuvant and Quil A groups produced(More)
A large and diverse family of serine protease genes was identified in first-instar larval cDNA of the sheep blowfly (Lucilia cuprina). This complex repertoire of genes was identified via a PCR approach using highly degenerate primers based on structurally conserved regions which surround the active site His and Ser residues found in all serine proteases.(More)
Immunological control of cutaneous myiasis of sheep caused by Lucilia cuprina larvae has been an elusive goal. Antibody to antigens derived from the peritrophic membrane can stunt or kill larvae in a dose dependent fashion. Thus efficacy of vaccines employing these antigens may be limited by the amount of antibody in skin available for ingestion by larvae.(More)